THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
“The limits of my language are the limits of my mind. All I know is what I have words for.” – Ludwig Wittgenstein
Active communication in English is what counts in today’s globalized world. It is very important to have large deposit of words. O’Connor explained why large vocabularies characterize executives and possibly outstanding men and women in other fields. The final answer seems to be that words are the instruments by means of which men and women grasp the thoughts of others and with which they do much of their own thinking. They are the “tools of thought.” The benefits of effective communication are many and obvious in many aspects of life.
Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in speaking and writing. So, it is a natural desire to expand one’s vocabulary as bigger supply of words increases the chances of succeeding in studies, career and even personal relationships. It is important to develop the skills of using the right words under different circumstances. And as for ESL students, having a store of vocabulary in mind is already an advantage. In writing or speaking, control over words is often the same as control over ideas the words represent.
Enriching one’s vocabulary leads to understanding a lot of things and improves one’s language skills. Working in this direction, will be able to improve not only our vocabulary but the quality of life as well. The range of our vocabulary is a clue to our education and our impression of our abilities. Background of the Study
The vocabulary of a language is always changing and growing. As life becomes more complex, people devise or borrow new words to describe human activity, and they change the meanings of existing words to fit new circumstances. No one knows the exact number of English words today, but probably there are a lot to learn for. For Americans, the average use of vocabulary is 10,000 words, but the average recognition vocabulary is 30,000 to 40,000 words. A person continually builds a vocabulary. Studies have shown that a child entering school may know only from 3,000 to 4,000 words. But by the completion of college, he or she may have a wider range of vocabulary.
The importance of vocabulary in achieving success in life has been proven over and over. In the 1920’s, Johnson O’Conner found that successful people in all walks of life have powerful vocabularies. He also discovered that vocabulary growth is not tied to any special trait, and anyone, regardless of their present vocabulary, can enrich it. Vocabulary growth cannot be a product of just an incidental learning.
As we think with words, so the limits of our learning are related to the limits of our vocabulary. The researchers first become interested in the vocabulary expansion strategies of the English majors in our college last semester in our Applied Linguistics class where we discussed the vocabulary topic. As one of the future professionals, as our professors always says, especially in the language or teaching field, it is very important to have enough vocabulary living in you. The researchers decided to pursue this study because we are continually reminded of how it would be helpful in our course and in our future careers.
In this research, we would be able to discover the vocabulary range, difficulties most effective ways of vocabulary enrichment of the ABE sophomore students. The challenge is to find a method of teaching or strategy of learning vocabulary that is effective and efficient. Theoretical framework
Dual-coding theory is a theory of cognition, it uses the idea that the formation of mental images aids in learning when developing this theory.
Dual-coding theory postulates that both visual and verbal information is used to represent information....