Attachment theory is highly regarded as a well-researched of infant and toddler behaviour and in the field of mental health. Attachment ? Attachment is a special relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. Bowlby shared the psychiatric view that early experiences in childhood have an important influence on development and behaviour in later life. The early attachment styles are established in childhood through the infant/caregiver relationship. Proximity Maintenance –The desire to be near the people we are attached to. Save Haven –returning to the attachment figure for comfort and safety in the face or threat. Secure Base –The attachment figure acts as a base of security from which the child can explore the surrounding environment. Separating distress – Anxiety that occurs in the absence of the attachment figure.
Tina Bruce is a social learning theorist and is influenced by the work of Frobel. She is a leading figure in early childhood education and an expert in children’s learning. Considering early childhood education, Tina Bruce looks at three parts of the curriculum: 1. 2. 3. The Child The context-the people and places The content-what the child knows and wants and needs to know
Theory of psychological Development
Eric Ericson’s theory of Psychological Development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. Ericson believes that personality develops in a series of stages. One of the main elements is the development of the ego-identity. Ego identity is a conscious sense that we develop through social interaction. Our Igo- identity is constantly changing due to new experiences and information we acquire in our daily interaction with others.
Social cognitive Theory
Albert Bandura is well regarded for his Social Cognitive Theory. It is a learning theory based on the ideas that people learn by watching others do, and that human thought processes are central to understanding personality. This theory provides a framework for understanding, predicting and changing human behaviour.
The main tenets of Bandura’s theory are that: People learn by observing others The same sat of stimuli may provoke different responses from diff. people, or from the same people at different times The world and a person’s behaviour is interlinked Personality is an interaction between three factors: The environment, behaviour, and a person’s psychological proses.
- Discovery learning
Inquiry – based learning, Constructivism Discovery learning is a method of inquiry-based instruction, discovery learning believes that it is best for learners to discover facts and relationships for themselves. Discovery learning is an inquiry-base, constructivist learning theory that takes place in problem solving situations where the learner draws on his or her own past experience and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new truths to be learned. Proponents of the theory believe that discovery learning has many advantages, including: -encourage active engagement -promotes motivation -promotes autonomy, responsibility, independence -the development of creativity and problem solving skills -a tailored learning experience
Theory on Language Development in Children
Children are born in possession of an innate ability to comprehend language structures, according to influential linguist Noam Chomsky. In his theory of Universal Grammar, Chomsky postulates that all human languages are build upon a common structural basis. Thus, Chomsky argues that language acquisition occurs as a consequence of a child’s capacity to recognize the underlying structure at the root of any language.
Theories Isaacs argued that it is important to develop children’s skills to think clearly and exercise independent judgement. Developing a child’s independence is beneficial to their...