Introduction Plato’s Theory of an Ideal State Kautilya’s Saptanga Theory of State Plato vs. Kautilya- A Comparison Conclusion References
A state can be defined as a sovereign political entity. We often confuse it with a Government, but while a Government forms only a part of a state, the state itself is a complex conglomeration of elements like territory, population, sovereignty and so on. In this project, we have attempted to highlight the important points in the Theories of State of two great Political Theorists, Plato and Kautilya and hence bring out the differences in their opinions.
PLATO’S THEORY OF AN IDEAL STATE
Plato, one of the greatest philosophers that world has ever seen, lived around 428-347 BCE in Athens, Greece. Most of his political treatise is found in his Republic, which was written around 380 BCE. It was originally called the Politeia that meant ‘the order or character of political community’. Later, while translating from its Latin version, it came to be known as the Republic. The book is in the form of dialogues with Socrates as the protagonist and begins with an attempt to define justice. This, Plato accomplishes by first defining an Ideal State and then explaining what part of it constitutes justice. He then extends the definition of justice for a community to the level of an individual. In his book, History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell identifies three groups in the ten books that constitute the...