Theology-Common Good

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COMMON GOOD

The common good is understood as the collection of social conditions that make it possible for each social group and all of their individual members to achieve their potential. It means that each social group must take account of the rights and aspirations of other groups, and of the well-being of the whole human family. The rights and duties of individuals and groups must be harmonized under the common good. The common good comprises the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily.

The common good consists of three essential elements: respect for and promotion of the fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its members. First, the common good respects and promotes the rights of a person. It must satisfy the the need of a person of it rights because a person deprived of his rights is like a slave. Second, the common good develops the spiritual and temporal goods of the society. Developing the spiritual and temporal good of the society will help it to become a better and peaceful society. And lastly the common good must give security and peace to the society. This is the ultimate goal of the common good. Every society which attain it common good will become peaceful and secure.

Common good is important to every society because it is the foundation of human rights. This is well explained in our society today here in the Philippines. The common good is the reason that political community in our country exists. The State is an expression of civil society, and as such must guarantee its unity, coherency and organization in order that the common good may be attained. Our laws our based on the common goods of every person in our society. With the laws stated in our country, we are able to exercise our individual rights as a human being....
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