Principle and Philosophy.
Dr.Maria Montessori referred to a child as “Spiritual Embryo”
1. What aspects of the prepared environment Cater to the nature of the “Spiritual Embryo”?
2. How may a Montessori teacher maintain and nurture his or her own spiritual outlook, so that the development of “Spiritual Embryo’ is not hindered?
About Dr.Maria Montessori:-
Maria Montessori was born in the year 1870 in Italy to Alessandro Montessori and Renlide Stoppani. She was self-confident and always optimistic. She was also very brilliant and bright student.
Maria graduated from the technical school in the year 1886, after which facing lots of difficulty she completed her medical course in the year 1896 and she was the first lady in Italy to graduate in medical.
Dr.Maria worked as a surgical assistant in Santo Spirito under two Frenchmen Jean Itard and Edouard Seguin. Thereafter she was given an opportunity to open a school for children in a slum area of San Lorenzo in Rome. Here was the first Montessori started by her in the year 1907 and she named it as ‘Casa dei Bambini’ meaning Children’s house.
Dr.Maria Montessori was famous for her Montessori Method and it spread like anything all over the world even today after her death in the year 1952 the good work of her is still continuing.
Dr. Maria Montessori refers a child as “Spiritual Embryo” after her discoveries in Casa dei Bambini.
One of the most profound concepts in Dr.Montessori’s work is her view of the child’s “Spiritual Embryo”. She gave us the counter cultural view of the child’s nature as “full” rather than blank. She found through her keen observations that child are born with a “Psychic patter” that unfolds after birth.
Dr.Montessori recognized that children held within them the key to the development of their own personalities and that the sensitivity that they were born with exposed them to unique dangers. She felt that they were born with a spiritual nature that had an innate expectation of freedom, warmth and love.
At such a young age she saw that the child didn’t simply remember his experiences, but he actually formed himself through them. “The things he sees are not just remembered; they form part of his soul”. (Dr.Maria Montessori, The Absorbent Mind, page no. 64, Chapter 7). This vital kind of memory, which does not consciously remember, but absorbs images into the individuals very life, has been given a special name by Sior.Percy Nunn, who calls it the “Mneme”!(Super natural Memory or gifted Memory).
For the child to incarnate or self-construct himself, she concluded that the child must possess with a per-determined pattern of psychic unfolding, which is not visible at birth. She referred to them as the spiritual embryo. Montessori believed that for the psychic pattern to reveal itself, two conditions must be fulfilled, first, the environment and second, he needs freedom to reveal himself. If these two conditions are absent, the psychic life of the child will not reach its potential and his personality will be stunted.
Therefore the child must develop his own powers for reacting to life. She identified two internal aids and two external aids.
A table of self construction.
Innate potential Physical growth Adult. Psychic (mental) development Unified Personality...