The Truth seeker – Aristotle
The famous Harvard School Motto is: Let Plato be your friend, and Aristotle, but more let your friend be Truth. At the early stage of the human civilization, there were many intelligent people that had achievements in all kinds of fields. When people were using mysticism to explain things, Aristotle was seeking the truth, and he did. It changed our sight of seeing the world now. Aristotle was born in 384 BCE. When he was seventeen, he came to Athens- the culture’s capital of Europe at that time, and became a student of Plato. He was the best student of Plato, and then became the teacher of Prince Alexander. The three main fields Aristotle had worked on and stand out is: the schematization of knowledge, the four causes, and the ethical doctrine of the mean (Hooker). Aristotle’s teacher Plato is an idealist and a rationalist, Plato thought our world is a non-perfect world; behind it, there was a perfect “world of idea”. For example the platonic love is what I heard the most. It is the love that is completely pure psychic love. But Aristotle thought the way we could get to know this world was from our sensory organs. Aristotle learned from Plato, but he didn’t follow his teacher’s path, he brought forth new ideas of philosophy. Aristotle said: The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet (Aristotle). Plato thought everything had rational reason and goal. There will no changes in between. But in Aristotle’s teleological theory that everything is changing; for an event, there will be the material cause, the formal cause, the efficient cause, and the final cause. Richard Hooker said in his article: The Four Causes are universally applicable. However, ethics is a science that admits of a high degree of uncertainty because of the infinite variety of human actions and motivations. Now, normally ethics seems to require absolute and unchanging principles ("Thou shalt not kill") which individuals depart from at their peril. The idea...
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