The Scratch of a Pen 1763 and the Transformation of North America

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“The Scratch of a Pen 1763 and the Transformation of North America”

Colin G. Galloway

Wei Tzu (Kaylin) Wang
March 21, 2013
TTH- 12:30PM- 2:30PM
Professor Mosby
American History could not have written itself without the importance of our founding fathers. The transformation of North America in 1763 was an important year in American History because it was an ending of a long warfare in Europe and America. In the book called “The Scratch of a Pen 1763 and the transformation of North America”, written by Colin G. Galloway informs the reader of different events that caused and effect of the social conditions and how it transformed throughout the year of 1763.

The people living in America during the year of 1763 were diverse a lot; there were English, Scots-Irish, Palatine Germans, and Africans. On the farther west would be the Spaniards and French mixed with different Indian Tribes. France and Britain had competed for domination in North America; the colonies both believed that whomever controlled Ohio country would win the continent. Both colonies were scared of what another would do to win. Spain had chose to stay out of the war and for a time during the Sever Year’s War. In the year of 1763, the Treaty of Paris was an ending to the Seven Years’ War also known as the French and Indian war in America. In the book, Galloway informs the reader that it was much more than just the French and Indian that were involved. The French and the British wanted to defeat the Indians because they were resided in Ohio Country; French and British wanted the Indians’ founding land in America. The Indians had an allied with the French; unfortunately the French had given away the Indians’ land to the British without even consulting them. “[I]nstead of restoring to us our lands, we see you in possession of them, & building more Forts in many parts of our Country, notwithstanding the French are dead,” Indians complained. (Calloway, 55) It was a smallpox year in North...
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