The Colonies by 1763

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Between the settlement at Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the extension of British ideals far beyond the practice in England itself. The thirteen colonies throughout time all established themselves and soon developed their own identities. Colonies in different areas were known for different things and no one colony was like the other. These people began to see them selves as Carolinians or Georgians, Quakers or new Englanders. Most of these colonist's no longer saw themselves as being citizens of the mother country, but rather as citizens of their colonies. This is when the colonies began to receive their own identities and eventually start to become more and more Americanized. Changes in Religion, economics, Politics, and social structures illustrate this Americanization of the transplanted Europeans. by 1763, although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. Religious toleration was out of the question in England and its church was considered the only way of worishiping. There was a different toleration of religion in every colony. Rhode Island was the first colony in English America that had separation of church and state and practiced religious toleration. Following Rhode Island was Maryland. Maryland passed a Toleration Act in 1649; the Toleration Act was a law that enacted to guarantee religious freedom to Christians who believed in Trinity. In a similar economic revolution, the colonies outgre their mercantile relationship with the mother country and developed an expanding capitalist system on their own. Building on English foundations of political liberty, the colonists extended the concepts of liberty and self-government far beyond those envisioned in the mother country.
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