THE ROLE OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES IN CENSUS. A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA
BY: AYODEJI ADIGUN
This is to certify that this work, The role of mathematical sciences in the census; A case study of Nigeria, Was carried out by Ayodeji Adigun in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Bridge House College, Ikoyi, Lagos.
SUPERVISOR NAME: ___________________________________________
DEDICATED TO SCHOLARS
It is with great honour and pride that I do this research. And it will be an even greater honour to have you adopt my work for your various needs. May the knowledge bring you even greater understanding of the role of mathematics to both the census and everything else.
I would like to thank everyone who helped in the successful completion of this project. I’d personally like to thank my supervisor Mr. Obi Henry for his support and co-operation. I would also like to thank my parents and Almighty Allah for their guidance.
Mathematics is one of the most widely used tools in any organization, society, nation or even country. In this case Nigeria. One of the major activities any nation carries out is the census. From definition, census is a “Head count” meaning there is already math involved. After this, there is still work to be done with the calculations and the applications of the results, another activity in which mathematics plays a major role.
Not many people are aware of the usefulness of the census in the planning, organization and development of every aspect and sector of a country. This is why the government needs to provide education for the people, education in the form of seminars, workshops and so on… that helps the general public understand the usefulness of the census in their country. The ignorance of the public to the workings of a country can be very dangerous to its development especially in a country like Nigeria; where we find the people hiding and misinforming the enumerators during the census. They act this way because they are oblivious to the fact that the census is a necessary activity that could help improve their society.
Statistics (A branch of mathematics) is the most essential tool when there is any talk of conducting or organizing a census. This is why there are organizations set up solely for the purpose of calculating and analyzing data in a country. Data like; Household surveys, area concentrations, labour force statistics and so on. All of the results derived from the surveys can only be made possible by conducting a census which in turn is only possible with the careful application of mathematics.
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA OF STUDY
Gauss (1855) referred to mathematics as the “Queen of Sciences”. In original Latin as well as in German, the word corresponding to science means “a field of knowledge” And this was the original meaning of science in English also. And with knowledge of this “Science” engineers, statisticians, physicians and even doctors can carry out their work very well. Knowing this, any organization that plans on...