The Role and Scope of Sociology

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  The
 Role
 and
 Scope
 of
 Sociology
 
  Sociology
  is
  concerned
  about
  the
  social
  facts
  in
  the
  family,
  community,
  economy,
  religion,
  language,
  etc.
  and
  how
  these
  factors
  affect
  our
  individual
  lives.
 According
 to
 the
 New
 Oxford
 American
 Dictionary,
 sociology
 is
 the
 study
 of
  the
 development,
 structure,
 and
 functioning
 of
 human
 society.
 
  Sociology
  is
  important
  because
  it
  describes
  the
  human
  behavior
  and
  explains
  how
  human
  beings
  behave
  under
  certain
  conditions
  and
  situations.
  There
 are
 many
 social
 factors
 that
 can
 influence
 the
 growth
 of
 an
 individual
 and
  of
 groups
 of
 people
 such
 as
 wealth
 of
 the
 family,
 religious
 practices
 of
 the
 church,
  access
  to
  quality
  education
  and
  more.
  It
  is
  up
  to
  the
  sociologist
  to
  trace
  all
  of
  the
  contributing
 factors.
  Sociology
 determines
 how
 specific
 events
 came
 to
 happen.
 Certain
 social
  forces
  may
  be
  more
  prominent
  in
  some
  communities
  than
  in
  others
  that
  will
  more
  likely
  produce
  tension
  in
  opposing
  groups
  within
  the
  community.
  Such
  is
  the
  example
  of
  the
  conflicts
  between
  the
  Muslims
  and
  the
  Christians
  in
  the
  Mindanao-­‐Sulu
  area.
  The
  rapid
  immigration
  of
  Christians
  in
  largely
  Muslim
  communities
  caused
  power
  struggles
  between
  the
  two
  groups,
  eventually
  resulting
 to
 violence.
 
 
 

Sociology exposes how authority and power are derived within the society and how the power is upheld by the dominating social class.  
Sociology
  also
  attempts
  to
  establish
  the
  relations
  between
  the
  different
  sectors
 in
 the
 society
 such
 as
 the
 relationship
 of
 the
 state
 and
 church.
 
  To
 obtain
 an
 objective
 outcome,
 the
 results
 of
 the
 study
 must
 be
 based
 on
  observations
  of
  actual
  human
  behavior.
  One
  of
  the
  most
  commonly
  used
  techniques
  is
  the
  survey
  where
  a
  sample
  of
  a
  general
  population
  is
  given
  a
  set
  of
  standardized
  questions.
  Another
  research
  technique
  is
  the
  participant
  observation
  where
  the
  sociologist
  joins
  the
  group
  in
  their
  daily
  activities
  until
  the
 underlying
 patterns
 of
 behavior
 are
 apparent.
 Each
 has
 its
 own
 limitations
 so
  it
 is
 important
 to
 identify
 which
 method
 is
 appropriate
 for
 the
 study.
 The
 choice
  of
 method
 often
 depends
 on
 what
 the
 sociologist
 intends
 to
 investigate.
 If
 time,
 

budget,
  and
  manpower
  permits
  the
  use
  of
  more
  than
  one
  approach,
  then
  the
  better.
  Sociology
  is
  a
  useful
  field
  of
  study
  for
  humankind.
  The
  findings
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