The Race Relations Act (1976) (amended in 2000)
In the 1950’s a lot of people from other countries were invited into the country for work as there was not enough people in the country to work and to do all of the jobs that no one in the country wanted. So, these people were invited to come and do those jobs, for example to collect rubbish. This was because of the amount of people in the UK had significantly reduced due to World War 2 (WW2). In the 1960’s there was an influx of people from the Indian subcontinent that worked predominantly in the techstyles industry. By the 1970’s there was a lot of different living in the UK with different coloured skin, race, language and religion. As the people generally tended to stick with similar people to themselves such as people of a certain skin colour tended to stay with the other people with a similar skin tone. And therefore there was mixed racial tension between these groups. Racism quickly became common and was main stream all over the country- it was featured on TV on adverts, day time TV shows and films; it was taught to the new generations by parents and grandparents and was part of day to day life. In the 1976 there were laws passed to try to stop this discrimination, in 2000 this law was amended to include nationality and religions. This amendment was made because of the attack on an 18 year old, black British, boy; Steven Lawrence was stabbed to death while waiting for a bus in East London by a group of white males because of the colour of his skin in 1993. It was because of this attack that the government realised how bad this racism was. This act has had a huge impact in developing anti-discriminatory behaviour. This has changed the way people work with each other, it also allowed for everyone to have the same rights for jobs ect. It has also made people consider other peoples ethnicity and religions when they are doing anything, whether we are working with someone as a colleague or we are treating someone, like in a hospital, who is different to ourselves in some way; whether that is through their ethnicity, religion, beliefs or language. It also allowed for these different cultures to be accepted and understood in the society, preparations can also be put in place to make people feel comfortable and welcome with their religion- an example of this would be meeting someone dietary needs in a hospital, if a religion requires the person to eat/not eat there must be preparations in place to make sure that this is possible. In a health and social care setting it has brought attention to things such as traditions and celebrations that service users may want to take part in, an example of this would be if their religion require for them to pray at a certain time in the day. This act has had a positive effect on discrimination in the UK in terms of jobs, opportunities people are offered and the way that people are treated and being a step forward in how people are treated equally. However this law cannot automatically stop racism, there are consequences to it now but it cannot stop people’s prejudice as people grew up with racism and were taught it from an early age therefore it can be hard and will take a lot of time to change that point of view in someone. The human rights act
“This act may be used by every person in England and wales regardless of whether they are a British resident or foreign national”. It does not matter how old a person is and can even be used by organisations and companies (like liberty). Human rights can be used for the public as well as prisoners, however there has been an argument over what rights prisoners should receive, and for example there has been a disagreement about whether they should be given the right to vote. These rights are relevant to any health and social care setting as the give the basic needs and treatment that the service user has to have. An example of a human rights act in a health and social care setting is the right to...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document