Terms and Concepts to be Familiar with
1) Connotation- is what a word suggests beyond its basic definition. 2) Denotation- is the basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word. The connotation of a word is its emotional content. 3) Deductive Reasoning- Reasoning in which ideas are at the beginning and proof follows. Essays, textual commentary, and loose sentences are deductive. 4) Inductive Reasoning- Reasoning in which ideas come at the end. Global commentary and periodic sentences are inductive. 5) Thesaurus- A book that lists words in groups of synonyms and related concepts. 6) Homophone (homonym)- Each of two or more words having the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or spelling. 7) Synonym- A word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language. 8) Simile- A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind. 9) Metaphor- A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. 10) Two most common organizational methods-
11) Thesis Statement- usually found at the end of the first paragraph of an essay or similar document, summarizes the main points and arguments of the author. 12) Jargon- language that is characterized by uncommon or pretentious vocabulary and convoluted syntax and is often vague in meaning. 13) Sensory Imagery- a writer's use of words which connect to a reader's sense of sight, touch, taste, smell, or hearing in order to develop a mood. 14) Chronology- The study of historical records to establish the dates of past events. 15) Stanza- A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse. 16) Rhyme Scheme- he pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences, as rhyme royal. 17) Allusion- An expression designed to call something to...
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