The Policy Process Part 1
The American Health Care system needs to be constantly improved to keep up with the demands of America’s health care system. In order for the American Health Care system to improve policies must be constantly reviewed. Congress still plays a powerful role in public policy making (Morone, Litman, & Robins, 2008). A health care policy is put in place to reach a desired health outcome, which will hopefully have a meaningful effect on people. People in position of authority advocates for a new policy for the group they have special interest in helping. The Health care system is formed by the health care policy making process (Abood, 2007). There are public, institutional, and business policies related to health care developed by hospitals, accrediting organizations, or managed care organizations (Abood, 2007). A policy is implemented to improve the health among people in the United States. Some policies take longer than others to be implemented if they are a big change, controversial, or costly (Abood, 2007). There are three phases in the policy making process. Those phases and the complete process of how a policy that will help improve access to care among women in the United States living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) becomes a policy will be discussed. Improving access to care among women is important because women living with HIV/AIDS face unique challenges (Kaiser, 2011). Trends show that women are more prone to heterosexual transmission of HIV and women make up a growing share of new AIDS cases in the United States (Kaiser, 2011). A policy that will benefit women and girls living with HIV/AIDS is needed to help them have access to care and treatment. Preventing new infections among women and girls is also an important issue that should be addressed for the new policy. There are many issues in America and knowing why Congress will react or not react to certain issues is not...
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