The Perfect Failure

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The Perfect Failure
Kennedy, Eisenhouwer and the CIA at the Bay of Pigs
by Trumbull Higgins

I have always wondered about the history and surrounding factors of the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba. I lived in Miami for seven years and have always wondered why Cubans had an air of entitlement, that United States owes them something. The explanation that I was given, when I felt comfortable asking about this, was that the United States failed them. That for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba the United States led the Cuban exiles into a battle they could not win. They felt great resentment that the United States refused to assist them once in Cuba and were therefore left at President Fidel Castro's mercy. Now, after I have read The Perfect Failure- Kennedy, Eisenhower and the CIA at the Bay of Pigs by Trumbull Higgins I can understand the basis for this type of thinking and resentment.

Trumbull Higgins' book is very interesting and complex. Higgins' account of the process that resulted into the Bay of Pig's invasion is very thorough and engaging. His interviews and direct quotations from the individuals involved make it so that the reader feels like he or she is getting first account of the information. There are times when it almost feels like the reader is in the room listening in on these discussions with all these interesting and powerful figures. Higgins' writing is engaging as it describes the Cuban invasion from the details of its inception to the implementation of the operation and ultimately the results of said operation.

Higgins' books begins with a brief review of the way the United States presidents dealt with Latin America in that era. It starts from President Franklin D, Roosevelt leasing Guantanamo Bay to President Dwight D. Eisenhower invading Guatemala Operations Fortune and Success which becomes the model for President John F. Kennedy's Bay of Pigs operation. It gives more in depth information of how Eisenhower's tactics and plans...
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