The Negative Effects of Social Network Sites on Adolescents' Social Development
In present day, it is admitted that Social Network Sites (SNSs) bring convenience, efficiency, fast, speed and width for adolescents' interpersonal relationship development. It also brings many difficulties to overcome. Some adolescents that are addicted to SNSs suffer a lot of mental health problems caused by Network mental disorders and Internet addiction syndrome. It brings a lot of negative impact on adolescents' mental health and social development. This study that researches the negative impacts on adolescents' interpersonal psychotherapy will significantly help colleges and universities' moral educators to play the network edge, overcome the disadvantages and make use of the Internet to cultivate adolescents' sound personalities and good psychological qualities.
SNS is also known as social network service. A SNS is an online service platform, or site that focuses on facilitating the building of social networks or social relations among people who, for example, share interests, activities, backgrounds, or real-life connections. SNSs such Facebook, Twitter works like this. Adolescents who become members of these SNSs communities, they will firstly get a personal profile which will show their personal information including the name, job, photo, relationship status, religion, hobbies and so on. "What differentiates SNS from previous media like a personal homepage is the display of one’s friend" (Boyd and Ellison, 2007). Except displaying a network of friends, other users can then click on their profiles and traverse ever broadening social networks. The three features including profile, friend and traversing friend list show the most crucial characteristic of SNSs. Currently, when adolescents create profiles, they often set unique names for themselves. Today, adolescents make use of lots of ways online to communicate with people, such as Wall Post, Status Update, Activity Feed, Thumbs Up, and Profile. These are the features of SNSs, such as Facebook and Myplace. SNS are part of a suite of Web applications, also called social media, which utilize Web 2.0 principles. "The term Web 2.0 defines websites that are designed to: (a) rely on the participation of mass groups of users rather than centrally controlled content providers, (b) aggregate and remix content from multiple sources, and (c) more intensely network users and content together" (O’Reilly, 2007). There are a large number of adolescents using social media. For example, "a national survey in 2009 finds that 73% of online teenagers use SNS, which is an increase from 55% 3 years earlier" (Lenhart, Purcell, Smith, and Zickuhr, 2010).
The rise of network technology had a profound impact on human communication. It produces a new type of interaction between people - network contacts. Network contacts refer to interaction on the network and certain social relationships during the communication process (John December, 1996). On this basis, the subject of network gradually formed network groups, virtual communities and even the entire network society. Therefore, the network communication is an extension of the main social action in cyberspace. The rapid popularization of the Internet caused the profound changes in lifestyle and social production which is shown as a person's second living space - the “social network" or '' network society'', that is, to build a global, open, all-round interconnected group. This is a social reality that corresponds to the "virtual society". The arising of "Virtual society" makes a revolutionary change of the past interaction way of human society occur. It not only expand the space of human interaction, but also profoundly changes the relationship between human beings and society and has brought a new era of "communication" to humans at the same time. That youth are connected to these global online communities is both a frightening prospect for parents and...
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