Topic: The theme revealed in the novel “The moon and sixpence”
I.Summary about writer and the novel “ The moon and sixpence”
II.Two themes revealed in the novel “The moon and sixpence”
1.The revolt of an individual against the well- established conventions of bourgeois society 2.No rooms for trivial and ordinary pleasures of life in Great Art
Summary about the writer and the novel “ The moon and sixpence” 1. William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)
W.S. Maugham is famous English writer, well-known as a novelist, playwright and shortstory writer. In his writings he kept to the principles of Realism, but his method of writing was also influenced by Naturalism, Neo-romanticism and Modernism.W.S. Maugham was born in Paris where his father worked as solicitor for the English Embassy. At the age of 10, Maugham was orphaned and sent to England to live with his uncle, thevicar of Whitstable. Before becoming a writer he was educated at King's School, Canterbury, and Heidelberg University, Maugham then studied six years medicine in London.William worked in a hospital of Saint Thomas, which placed in a poor block of London the experience found its reflection in the 1st novel. During World War, Maugham volunteered for the Red Cross, and was stationed in France for a period. There he met Gerald Haxton (1892-1944), an American, who became his companion. Disguising himself as a reporter, Maugham served as an espionage agent for British Secret Intelligence Service in Russia in 1916-17, but his stuttering and poor health hindered his career in this field. In 1917 he married Syrie Barnardo, an interior decorator; they were divorced in 1927-8. On his return from Russia, he spent a year in a sanatoriumin Scotland. Maugham then set off with Haxton on a series of travels to eastern Asia, the Pacific Islands, and Mexico. In many novels the surroundings also are international. Maugham's most famous story such as “Ashenden: or the British agent ’’Maugham died in Nice, a small French town from pneumonia on December 16, 1965. During the war, Maugham's best-known novel, Of Human Bondage(1915) was published. This wasfollowed by another successful book,The Moon and Sixpence(1919). Maugham also developed areputation as a fine short-story writer, one story,Rain, which appeared in The Trembling of a Leaf (1921), was also turned into a successful feature film. Popular plays written by Maugham include The Circle(1921),East of Sue(1922), The Constant Wife1926) and the anti-war play,For Services Rendered (1932).In his later years Maugham wrote his autobiography,Summing Up (1938) and works of fiction such as The Razor's Edge (1945),Catalina (1948) and Quartet (1949).After the 1930s Maugham's reputation abroad was greater than in England. Maugham once said,"Most people cannot see anything, but I can se what is in front of my nose with extreme clearness;the greatest writers can see through a brick wall. My vision is not so penetrating." His literaryexperiences Maugham collected in The Summing Up, which has been used as a guidebook for creative writing.William Somerset Maugham died in 1965 in a small French town from pneumonia.
"I have never pretended to be anything but a story teller. It has amused me to tell stories and I have told a great many. It is a misfortune for me that the telling of a story just for the sake of the story is not an activity that is in favor with theintelligentsia. In endeavor to bear my misfortunes with fortitude." (from Creatures of Circumstance, 1947)
The novel “The moon and sixpence”
Charles Strickland, a good, dull, holiest, plain man who is a conventional stockbroker. He is probably a worthy member of society, a good husband and father, an honest broker, but he abandoned his wife and two nice looking and healthy children, a boy and a girl. A supposition is putforth: Charles walks out upon his wife to run after some woman.A friend of Strickland is sent to...