Land and Climate of Florida
Florida is part of the “Atlantic-Gulf Coastal Plain.” This huge region of land reaches across the coast from New Jersey to southern Texas. The Atlantic Coastal Plain of Florida covers the entire eastern part of the state. It is a truncated, smooth plain stretching from 30 to 100 miles in thickness. This is one of the three main land regions in Florida. The other two are the East Gulf Coastal Plain and the Florida Uplands. A fine strip of coral reefs, sand bars, and barrier islands lies in the Atlantic Ocean, slightly offshore from Florida’s mainland. Lagoons, rivers, bays, and lakes rest among much of this strip and Florida’s mainland. Big Cypress Swamp and the Everglades cover most of southern Florida. Water conceals much of this region, particularly throughout the rainy months. The Florida Keys form the southernmost part of Florida. These small islands off of the mainland of Florida arc south-west for about 150 miles from Miami. Key Largo is the biggest island. The “East Gulf Coastal Plain” of Florida has two main sections. One section covers the southwestern part of the peninsula, including part of the Everglades, Big Cypress swamp, and Tampa Bay. The other fragment of Florida's East Gulf Coastal Plain bends around the north edge of the Gulf of Mexico through the” Panhandle” to Florida's western border.The East Gulf Coastal Plain is vastly alike to the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Extended, narrow barrier islands spread along the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico. Coastal swamps reach inland in places. Much swampland in the area has been drained. The land has been obtained for farming or urban development, especially in southwestern Florida. The uplands split the two sections of the East Gulf Coastal Plain. They also split the northern section from the Atlantic Coastal Plain. In the northern section of the uplands, Pine forests sprout. The northern section of the Florida Uplands stretches from the northwestern corner of the state over to...
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