The Influences of Adult Development on Career Choices

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The Influences of Adult Development
on Career Choices

Requirements Submitted in
Partial Fulfillment of Module One
BUS 391 Adult Development and Life Planning

Mount Olive College
At New Bern
Cohort NB 90

Presented to
Instructor: Dr. C. Ray Taylor

by
Melissa LeeAnn Stewart
November 4th, 2010

Throughout adulthood a person transitions through many different roles during their lives. Educational choices, career choices, choice to marry and the choice to become a parent are just a few of the life changing choices adults make that influences the roles they play. There are numerous studies of adults and what developmental issues adults encounter during their lifetimes and how these issues influence the paths adults pursue. A person’s personality type has a tremendous impact on the patterns of one’s behaviors. By knowing a person’s types we can better understand the personality differences between individuals and how they can affect adults in their education, careers and other aspects of their lives. Another element that affects adults during these stages of their lives is how they learn. Everyone learns in different ways and recognizing how you learn best and how to broaden your learning style can be useful throughout adulthood. In understanding these issues we can better recognize not only our past adult transitions but also better recognize the issues we could encounter in later parts of adulthood. I would like to examine how career choices are influenced by a person’s personality type and learning style and also how these traits transform and adapt to change throughout adult development. Learning about one’s personality type can help a person discover their strengths and areas where they need improvement. One of the most common methods of identifying your personality type is by using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The MBTI was developed by two U.S. women, Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers, who elaborated and expanded the ideas of psychiatrist Carl J. Jung’s theory of psychological type and applied them to understanding people around them [ (Myers, 1998) ]. “Psychological type theory postulates that there are "normal" and consistent patterns of differences in people based on a unique combination of mental functions and attitudes resulting in 16 innate combinations or psychological types” [ (Kummerow & Maguire, 2010) ]. Once a person completes the MBTI he or she will be assigned one of the 16 psychological types that best fits their personality from their results on the assessment. This does not mean that this person always exhibits these characteristics but it does tend to show that this is this person’s preferred way of behaving and this person feels more confident and performs better under circumstances where they are allowed to use their preferred methods or behaviors. The MBTI preferences indicate the difference people exhibit in four different categories. The first places people in either the extroverted or introverted group. Discovering my own personality type helped me to understand how I deal with things and what situations I am most comfortable in. My type according to the results from MBTI is introverted sensing with extraverted thinking. After understanding what that meant I felt that it was a very accurate description of how I behave and how I portray myself to others. Some of the characteristics of this type are being calm, reserved, serious, consistent, orderly, practical, sensible, realistic, logical and analytical. An example of how I am introverted would be that I am typically comfortable talking in small groups of people and like to keep a small group of friends but I do not enjoy speaking in front of a large group of people and tend to steer away from situations that I may be forced into doing so. I feel that I have a started a good career for my personality type. Many adults go through life without knowing what their...
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