The Influence of Organisation Structure to Performance

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“THE SWAY OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE ON PERFORMANCE IN THE GHANA CIVIL SERVICE”

ABSTRACT

This study examines organizational structures of the Civil Service, It impact on organization performance and to offer a possible alternative to the Ghana Civil Service existing organization structure. Hierarchy and its associations with status, feudalism, and power often leads to relentless rigidity. The structure and the array of job positions that took the foci away from working with the process efficiencies, individual role effectiveness, and throughput orientation within the system. Members of the organization a conclusion was drawn that mechanistic organization structure to some extent does not improve performance but both mechanistic and organic organization structure works in supplementary. They work together to attain organization goal.

TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT1
TABLE OF CONTENT2
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION3
1.1 Background of the paper3
1.2 Statement of the Problem5
1.3 Purpose of the study6
1.4 Issues to interrogate6
1.5 Organization of the Study6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW8
2.1 Theoretical Literature8
2.1.1 Organizational Structures and its Impact on Organizational Performance9 2.1.2 Mechanistic Structures and Its Impact on Performance9 2.3 Operational Definition19
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY21
3.1 Study Design21
3.2 Sampling Method or Data Collection Method21
3.3 Statistical Analysis (Test of Questions)22
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT ANDD DISCUSSIONS23
4.1 Results23
4.2 Discussion26
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION28
5.1 Conclusion28
5.3 Recommendations29
5.4 Limitations of the study29
5.5 Further Studies30
REFERENCES31
APPENDICES35

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the paper

Public expectations and priorities are changing. Successfully achieving change in public sector bodies, as in any other entities, requires the organizational design to adapt. There is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to organizational structure. Organizational structure defines the chain of command and authoritative responsibilities. According to Hall (1977) these structures have two basic functions; the first is to affect the employee behavior and last but not least is organizational performance. According to him, the structure of the organization is such a setting where decisions are made, different organizational activities take place and power is executed. Structure of the organization plays an important role both at organizational and subunit level and prove to be imperative in enhancing efficiency, morale, and effectiveness (Ven, 1976).

Although public administration institutions in different countries have historically been diverse, its viewpoint is to say that public sector institutions are the main media through which governments transact state business. At the heart of public sector institutions is the civil service, which in most countries including Ghana, is the central administrative machinery of government, charged with the overall responsibility for policy initiation and formulation, project and programme implementation through various departments and agencies, and the coordination of these programmes and projects, including parastatals and semi autonomous institutions.

The Ghana Civil Service which has its origin from the British colonial rule derives its present existence from Article 190(1) of the 1992 Constitution. The Ghana Civil Service which is one of the Public Services of Ghana is the heart of the Administrative machinery of Government. The Civil Service is the Think Tank Secretariat of the political leadership of the state and the main instrument for the initiation of policy options, formulation, coordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. By its mandate it exercises oversight responsibility over the other Services like the Ghana...
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