The First Who Invented the Airplane
Many people worked on various kinds of gliders and other planes over the years, so no one person invented the airplane. The Wright Brothers of Dayton, Ohio, are generally recognized as making the first powered aircraft flight (but see below).
On December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers launched the first successful air flight at Kitty Hawk, NC, flying over the location four times. Orville flew the first flight, Wilbur having encountered difficulties in his own attempt on December 14. On May 22, 1906, the brothers received a patent for their design of the first airplane, or "Flying Machine." The flight and plane changed the ideas of transportation around the world, even though their prototype only flew for a few seconds. Worldwide, inventors began building many different types of powered aircraft.
Before the Wright Brothers flight
Frenchman Clement Ader (1841-1925) flew a steam-powered bat-winged plane in Paris in 1890. It is accepted that the aircraft, EOLE, took off, reaching a height of 20 cm (8 inches), and flew uncontrolled for approximately 50 m (160 ft). This was 13 years before the Wright Brothers' famous flight. Ader is known for his prescient suggestions regarding ships used as airfields (the aircraft carrier).
Prior to this, in 1848, John Stringfellow from Chard, Somerset, England, achieved the firstunmanned powered flight using a steam-powered monoplane called The Flying Machine. Its steam engine made it impractically heavy, and it was limited to very short flights inside a hangar. Orville Wright (1871-1948), the American inventor and Wilbur Wright (1867-1912), the American inventor
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