The Filmmakers Contributions

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Examine the contributions of Spanish film makers since the 1978, to the development of this art form Spanish cinema is an art form that has been developing since the first day it arrived in Spain and since 1896 (Maps of the world 2009) it has been a major feature of Spanish Culture. With cinema rapidly increasing and the amount of theatres reaching to almost 3000 by 1930’s (Jordan 2002) visual culture of Spain became a massive demand for Spaniards. With the rising of Francisco Franco and the Civil War rules towards film making were really powerful and with censorship being put up towards propaganda war and documentaries cinema was discouraged. Not only after Franco’s death that cinema became again a major factor of Spain and film makers such has Pedro Almodóvar, Fernando Fernán – Gómez, Vicente Aranda, Julio Medem and Jesús Franco began making films with genres that suited them and because censorship was withdrawn it was easier for them because they didn’t have to worry about being caught. In this essay I’m going to write about these four directors and how they contribute to cinema after the 80’s until nowadays and also relate how the Madrid Movida and the breakout affected how directors started making movies the way the did. After Franco’s death the whole concept of Spanish cinema changed dramatically. The censorship that was given in during the dictatorship which banned film-makers to make films with sexual, political or violent contents was finally removed in 1977 (Jordan 2005). By being removed the film industry assumed that it would bring Spanish cinema democratization to match the development of the country and a solid future. With censorship being removed it also made films that were banned in previous decades being released which produced a new national cinema and improved the way of film making to new generations of directors in Spain as well it developed in ways that directors from the Franco´s period made films and saw the film industry like Pedro Almodóvar or Alex de la Iglesia. Pedro Almodóvar is a Spanish film director, screen writer and producer and he was born in 1949 (IMDb 2011) during the Franco’s dictatorship. Most of his life his parents wanted him to be a priest although in 1967(IMDb 2011) he moved to Madrid to study about cinema however Franco had closed the National School of Cinema so he had to be self-thought and during his career he was influenced by many directors like Alfred Hitchcock, Luis Buñuel, Frederico Fellini, etc. In the early 70s, Almodóvar grew interest in theatre and experimental cinema and it was not only until early 80s that he made his first film “Pepi, Luci, Bom y otras chicas del montón” (Jordan 2005) and since then he makes film on the grounds that Franco´s period and censorship never existed, like García de León and Maldonado said that “Pedro Almodóvar is the Spanish director of the 80s – a director with a very personal form of expression who, at the same time connects with the traditional Spanish culture and whose products can compete in other markets”(2003:132) National cinema in the 80s was characterized by a group of directors such has Fernando Colomo or Fernando Treuba but especially Almodóvar because it is said that they changed cinema by renewing its genres, its stars, its locations and its soundtracks which means that for the future audiences Spanish cinema changed dramatically. When Almodóvar started making his low budget films he started using mixtures of melodramas, horror, sex comedy and elements of a detective story and his films were also colourful, abrasive, delirious and funny which were mainly inspired by the Madrilenian movement. Almodóvar since the mid-90s he started making his films more serious although his themes remained consistent. Love, desire, gender and sexuality are key elements in his work because he tends to focus on society features such has women, gays, lesbians, transsexuals and prostitutes and in addition he mainly does his movies with these...
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