The Fact That We Can Detect a Candle Flame at 30 Miles Away on a Clear Dark Night Is

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1. Consciousness A) is a relatively simple phenomenon B) exists on a continuum C) is an all-or-nothing phenomenon D) includes only those states in which someone is fully alert 2. Armand is daydreaming, Adele is dreaming while asleep. Which statement is TRUE? A) Armand is semi-conscious, Adele is unconscious. B) Armand is semi-conscious, Adele is in an altered state of consciousness. C) Both Armand and Adele are in altered states of consciousness. D) Armand is in an altered state of consciousness, Adele is unconscious. 3. is the perceptual organization principle that says people tend to perceive a finished unit even if there are gaps in it. A) Closure B) Proximity C) Similarity D) Contiguity

4. The cognitive view of dreaming suggests that dreams A) awaken the unconscious B) help us sift through and sort out our everyday experiences C) are a type of information processing D) bandc 5. Which of the following is a characteristic of REM sleep? A) sleepwalking B) muscles are unresponsive C) most dreams occur here D) bandc 6. When you see a partially opened door, you know that the door is rectangular even though the image being detected by your retina is a trapezoid. This is an example of the perceptual principle called A) geometrical perceptual consistency B) optical constancy C) shape constancy D) form consistency

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7. After becoming very angry with your sister and wishing that she were dead, you dream about pushing her off a cliff. According to Freud, the latent content of your dream would be , while the manifest content would be A) pushing her off the cliff; wishing she were dead B) wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff C) pushing her off the cliff; angry feelings D) angry feelings; wishing she were dead 8. If in mid-sentence, your friend suddenly slumps over on the couch and appears to have entered the REM-stage of sleep, which of the following is the BEST explanation for your friend's behavior? A) Your friend suffers from epilepsy, and just had a seizure. B) Your friend suffers from narcolepsy and should seek medical attention. C) You are boring, and should take a class in social speaking skills. D) Your friend did not get enough sleep last night, and should go to bed. 9. Confusion of the vestibular sense leads to A) motion sickness B) cognitive dysfunction C) dizziness D) a and c 10. The point on the retina that contains only cones and is responsible for our sharpest vision is called the A) focal spot B) photoreceptor C) fovea D) optical illusion raw sensory data from the internal and external world 11. Sensation is the process of and transmitting it to the brain. A) receiving and translating B) selecting and organizing C) receiving and organizing D) selecting, receiving, and organizing 12. The parietal lobes are responsible for processing A) visual information B) auditory information C) information about touch D) information about muscle movements

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is (are) BEST defined as our awareness of our environments and ourselves. A) Alternate states of consciousness (ASCs) B) Consciousness C) States of consciousness D) Selective attention

14. The fact that we can detect a candle flame at 30 miles away on a clear dark night is referred to as the for vision. A) difference threshold B) absolute threshold C) pain threshold D) sensory adaptation 15. Researchers have documented which of the following hazards of sleep deprivation? A) reduced cortisol levels B) reduced concentration and motivation C) increased irritability D) b and c 16. If you can perceive depth or distance with only one eye, this means you are A) using a monocular cue B) myopic C) using convergence D) uni-dimensional 17. Melatonin influences A) sleep B) sexual arousal C) puberty and aging D) emotions , and less sensitive 18. Rods are most sensitive A) to color wavelengths; in dim light B) in dim light; to low amplitude light waves C) in dim light; to color wavelengths D) to color wavelengths; to high...
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