The Essentials of Project Management

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THE ESSENTIALS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT
SECOND EDITION

The Essentials of Project Management
Second Edition
Dennis Lock

Gower

O Dennis Lock 2001

A l rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, l stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the permission of the publisher. First published 1996 This edition published by Gower Publishing Limited Gower House Croft Road Aldershot Hampshire G u l l 3HR England Gower Publishing Company 131 Main Street Burlington VT 05401-5600 USA

Dennis Lock has asserted his right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author of this work. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Lock, Dennis 1929The essentials of project management. -2nd ed. 1. Industrial project management I. Title 658.4'04 ISBN 0 566 08224 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationData Lock, Dennis. The essentials of project management / Dennis Lock.- 2nd ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-566-08224-1 (pbk) 1.Industrial project management. I. Title.

Typeset in lJalatinoby IMI. Typographers, Chester and printed in Great Britain by MPG Books Ltd, Bodmin

Contents

List of figures Preface Acknowledgements
1 Introduction

ix xiii xv
1

Projects-Project management processes- Project objectives- The time/cost relationship- Balancing time, cost and quality - The Association for Project Management 2

Definition 11 The customer's project specification - Project scope Usine checklists-The contractor's initial design " " specification - Specification of production methods Construction smcification -Specificationsfor product development projects - Developing the project specification - Proiects which are difficult or impossible to define Reference 31

3 Organization Effective organization and communications- Project teams versus functional group or matrix organizations-

vi Contents Functional matrix organizations- Variations of the matrix organization - Project team organization - Which type of organization is best? - The hybrid option Organizations with more than one project manager -The project manager himself - Project services groups 4

Work breakdown and coding Family tree hierarchy - Work breakdown structures for large projects - c o d k g systems - Benefits of a logical coding system - Choosing a coding system

55

5 Cost estimating Cost format- Estimating accuracy- Classification of estimates according to confidence - Standard tables Profit vulnerability - Compiling the task list Documentation- Collectingdepartmental estimatesManufacturingestimates with no drawings - Personal estimating characteristics- Estimates for material and equipment costs- Below-the-linecosts - Reviewing the cost estimates 6 Planning

69

91

Bar charts - Critical path networks- The different network notation systems - Critical path networks using arrow diagrams - Precedence diagrams- Case study: the - Planning the furniture project by critical gantry path network - Level of detail in network diagrams should a large network be broken down into smaller networks?-Interface activities- Milestones - Is the predicted timescale too long? -Early consideration of resource constraints 7 Scheduling

123

Resource scheduling- The role of network analysis in resource scheduling- Introducing the garage project Garage project network planning - Float - Garage project resource scheduling- Computer reports for the garage project - Conclusions- Reference

Contents vii
8 Implementation 147 Project authorization -Preliminary organization of the project -Project design standards and proceduresChoice of planning and control procedures-Physical preparations and organization - Getting work started Detailed planning and work instructions- Drawing and purchase control schedules 9 Purchasing 165 Listing and specifying the goods - Early ordering of long-lead items...
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