Running head: The Environment vs. Economic Development In North America
The Environment vs. Economic Development
Yueh-Ching Wu /Level 110
ELS Language Center / Adelphi University / Garden city
The Environment vs. Economic Development In The North America
II. History of the Environment
III. History of Economics
IV. Development of Environmental and Economic Issues
• Waste of Resources
V. Solution to Environmental vs. Economic Issues
• Green policies
The Environment vs. Economic Development In North America
The Gallup asks Americans on an open-ended basis about top problems facing the country; the economy is always at or near the top of the list, while environmental concerns seldom break the top five issues mentioned. (Public Priorities, 2005) But as Eric Davidson said, the ruins of nature can not build a healthy economy. (Davidson, 2000) The modern, high-tech economy is still based on natural resource. People must understand that natural resource will be ruined by pollution. (2000) As Don Fullerton said: in the Environmental Economics undertakes theoretical or empirical studies of the economic effects of national or local environmental policies around the world, including effects on pollution, research and development, physical investment, labor supply, economic efficiency, and the distribution of real income. Particular issues include the costs and benefits of alternative environmental policies to deal with air pollution, water quality, toxic substances, solid waste, and global warming. (Environmental Economics, 2010) Negative effects of economic development on environment will damage the earth. In order to solve these problems, government is obligated to resolve these issues through green policies for example, recycling and reduction of industrial development. This is a worldwide problem, but in this paper will focus on North America.
History of the Environment
The history of North America up to 1500 AD is a story of a continent that started out empty and gradually got more and more crowded. Probably the first people to come to North America came from East Asia, over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. About 30,000 years ago, or abut 12,000 BC, during the last Ice Age. It could be both. Only a few people came over the bridge. People began to move south instead of north. The Vikings had to leave Canada. The Pueblo and Navajo people moved south into modern Arizona and New Mexico. The Inuit moved south into southern Greenland and Newfoundland.
By 1900 there were a lot of people living in North America. Most of the big trees - the oaks and chestnuts that had nuts people could eat - had been cut down for firewood or to build houses and fences, or just to clear the land for farmers' fields. Then about 1900, just as these new people were beginning to realize that you could, after all, use up all of the great resources of North America, and starting to set aside land for national parks, they discovered how to use oil to run machines. Everyone was very excited by this, because these new machines made everyone's life a lot easier. But the oil rigs, and burning the oil in the machines, also polluted the environment of North America. By the 1950's and 1960's, rivers were greasy with oil, birds were dying because of too much oil and other pollutants on their feathers, and even people were having trouble breathing when they went outside. Again, people began to realize what they had done, and they tried to clean things up a little. They made new laws to control oil pollution (Kidipede, 2010)
History of Economics...
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