About a decade ago, Scientist at Roslin Institute from Scotland surprised the entire world when the announced that they have cloned an adult sheep on February 22, 1997, “Dolly”, (Dudley 9). Scientists shocked the world because many believed that it was impossible to produce a clone from a donor cell taken from an adult rather than an, embryo, many resulting embryos had died before (Dudley 11). Dolly was created because, scientist at the Roslin Institute wanted to research on the reliable reproduction of animals genetically modified to produce therapeutic proteins in their milk (http://www.answers.com/topic/dolly-the-sheep). Researchers want to clone humans simply because; scientists believe by the cloning of humans, they believe that they will be able to find many cures to human disease (Dudley 11). Human cloning is banned in the U.S simply because President George W. Bush and his White House staff said, “unequivocally opposed to the cloning of human beings ether for reproduction or for research”, it also stated that “The moral and ethical issues posed by human cloning are profound and can not be ignored in the quest for scientific discovery” (rarediseases.about.com). This made them pass many laws such as, The Human Cloning and Stem Research Act of 2003, which banned all of human cloning a research.
Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, human being or clone tissue from that individual (http://www.answers.com). There are different types of human cloning are recombinant DNA technology, or DNA cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning (Dudley 7). Recombinant DNA technology (DNA Cloning) is the transfer of a DNA fragment of interest from one organism to a self-replicating genetic element such as bacterial plasmid (www.ornl.gov/sci/). Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously... [continues]
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