The Evils of Human Cloning
About a decade ago, Scientist at Roslin Institute from Scotland surprised the entire world when the announced that they have cloned an adult sheep on February 22, 1997, “Dolly”, (Dudley 9). Scientists shocked the world because many believed that it was impossible to produce a clone from a donor cell taken from an adult rather than an, embryo, many resulting embryos had died before (Dudley 11). Dolly was created because, scientist at the Roslin Institute wanted to research on the reliable reproduction of animals genetically modified to produce therapeutic proteins in their milk (http://www.answers.com/topic/dolly-the-sheep). Researchers want to clone humans simply because; scientists believe by the cloning of humans, they believe that they will be able to find many cures to human disease (Dudley 11). Human cloning is banned in the U.S simply because President George W. Bush and his White House staff said, “unequivocally opposed to the cloning of human beings ether for reproduction or for research”, it also stated that “The moral and ethical issues posed by human cloning are profound and can not be ignored in the quest for scientific discovery” (rarediseases.about.com). This made them pass many laws such as, The Human Cloning and Stem Research Act of 2003, which banned all of human cloning a research. Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, human being or clone tissue from that individual (http://www.answers.com). There are different types of human cloning are recombinant DNA technology, or DNA cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning (Dudley 7). Recombinant DNA technology (DNA Cloning) is the transfer of a DNA fragment of interest from one organism to a self-replicating genetic element such as bacterial plasmid (www.ornl.gov/sci/). Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously existing animal (www.ornl.gov/sci/). Therapeutic Cloning is, also called “embryo cloning,” is the production of human embryos for use in research (www.ornl.gov/sci/ ). The reason why cloning should be banned is because it is unethical, people deserve to come into the world in a way that will respect their dignity, a child should be born into this world from a loving union between a husband and a wife, to be loved and accepted as a new and distinct individual not with the forces of science (Dudley 46).
Human cloning is wrong because it is inhumane, clones are considered as distinct individuals, look at the realistic side of cloning; cloning makes a person become a twin to their mother/father which creates confusion in the parentage (Dudley 46). The reason why because, cloning completely changes the cycle of human reproduction from the context of a loving union between men and woman, producing a child with no parents in an ordinary sense, which makes a clone an object, not a distinct individual (Dudley 46). Human cloning is very harmful. It creates many side effects; take Dolly the sheep for example, before scientist put her to sleep she had many diseases such as lung disease, arthritis, her cells also showed signs of premature aging; she developed these traits due to reproductive cloning which created these ailments. This showed that cloning may cause premature illnesses because even thought Dolly was put to sleep, the illness she had were not likeable for a sheep to have until later in her life span (Sheldon), this shows that there may be a possibility that clones could die or may have a severe medical condition in life. Another thing that is abominable about human cloning is for example, a woman clones herself, her daughter soon becomes her sister, and her granddaughter, and this is such an irregular situation because the child may be chastise from their friends, and while the child is growing up the father of the clone may have the same affection that he had...
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