INSTITUTION: KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY
CLASS: HSCI 225
LECTURER: DR. J. MEME
GROUP 5 A
MICHAEL NDERITU | COM-1-3376-3/2010|
MARVIN MWANGI MBURU | BIT-1-3605-2/2012|
GAMA DAVID JOSEPH| CUT-1-4243-3/2010 |
QUESTION: Discuss the impact of HIV/AIDS on education.
i.) loss of professionals to the effects of HIV and AIDS
ii) Funds channeled to combat effects of HIV and AIDS on education in Kenya iii) High dropout rates to the effects of HIV and AIDS on education iv) The introduction of HIV and AIDS as a unit on the Kenyan syllabus v) Stigmatizations caused by the effects of HIV and AIDS on education in Kenya 3.) Conclusion
Our paper will try to tackle on how the HIV and AIDS epidemic has ravaged and significantly had an impact on the education sector by closely looking at a few fields namely; loss of professionals, high dropout rates, stigmatization, Education fund diversion to HIV/AIDS etc. We will also delve into how being stigmatized will affect anyone trying to acquire an education. The rapid spread of HIV/AIDS had and is still having an increasingly adverse effect on the operations and efficiency of many government ministries and agencies as well as on employee’s families. These effects are not only confined to any one ministry, they spread across all sectors and can be discerned at all levels. Loses of persons to HIV/AIDS have been most evident in the education and health sectors as workers in this sector are critical in maintaining public welfare and contributing to long term developmental activities in the country. HIV/AIDS and education have an intricate circular relationship, as the epidemic intensifies it exerts negative effects on the performance of the education sector such as poor performance of the education sector, school enrolment, attendance and level of academic achievements of the population.
I) LOSS OF PROFESSIONALS TO THE EFFECTS OF HIV AND AIDS
In the earlier stages of the African epidemic it was reported that teachers were at a higher risk of becoming infected with HIV than the general population because of their relatively high socio economic status and a lack of understanding about how the virus is transmitted. Our country is facing a situation whereby the loss of the educated to the effects of HIV and Aids is immense. Educated and trained practitioners have been observed to succumb to HIV and AIDS. This in return has left the field of education retarded and greatly lacking the human resource to adequately handle the whole education sector. Prolonged HIV/AIDS related illness affect staff in several ways that can be categorized as; ability to work, moral of employees under conditions of stress and the need to cope with costs of treatment and care. As HIV/AIDS undermines the body’s immune system, susceptibility to other diseases increases, staff take sick leaves to deal with those illness or care for family members who are sick. Studies in both public and private sector showed that absenteeism is a major cause of inconvenience in any work place as it affects the work of others in the organization. The loss of trained and experienced teachers and interruption of teaching programs due to illness will reduce the quality of the educated. A study by Amour Thomas et al (1989), found that teacher qualification accounted for more than 90% of the variation in student achievement in mathematics and reading across the grade levels. The loss of the most qualified and an experienced teacher represents a serious threat to the quality of education in the country at large.
A World Bank (1999) report on Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Kenya indicates the impact as likely to be felt more in terms of reduced supply and demand of educational service, changing...