The Effects of Background Characteristis and School Factors on College Students' Performance and Satisfaction: the Case of the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro

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The Effects of Background Characteristics and School Factors on College Students’ Performance and Satisfaction
Akinleke W. Olaitan
Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro

Abstract
Although, the effects of socioeconomic status on college students’ academic performance are often cited, few research studies have examined the effect of school quality on the academic performance of students. This study examines the factors that determine students’ academic behavior and performance. Specifically, the study aims to determine the impact of socioeconomic background and academic environment on student performance and satisfaction. A five-point scale was employed to assess student preferences and satisfaction with academic programs and various services. The Chi-square and Likelihood ratio test statistics show that satisfaction with academic environment and services as well as high school performances are pointedly correlated with college performance. Similarly, adequacy of library services, out-of-class experiences as well as the distribution of college majors are dependably related to college achievements. Key words: background characteristics, school factors, academic performance and satisfaction.

The Effects of Background Characteristics and School Factors on College Students’ Performance and Satisfaction
The fact that education plays a major role in the socioeconomic and technological development of any nation cannot be understated. This is because the development of any nation or community depends principally on the quality of education of such nation. It then becomes imperative that a society takes seriously the development of its human resources. Then again, the academic performance of students impacts their future educational attainment as increase in income and social status is generally associated with increase in levels of education (Ross & Wu, 1995). This associated increase in socioeconomic status affects the students’ access to health care, lifestyle factors such as recreation and nutrition, work environment, and social psychological factors such as self-regard, emotional stability and assertiveness. Academic attainments in higher institutions of learning can be considered as an outcome of two factors: the first is the individual attributes, that is, each student’s unique combination of socioeconomic factors and stability. The second factor is located in the sort of the school attended that is, the systems of education and patterns of imparting knowledge that are organized within schools. This study intends to find out the effects of both factors. The major objective of this study is to examine factors that determine student behavior and performance at the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro. Specifically, this study intends to appraise the impact of academic climate and services on student learning, performance, and satisfaction. In addition, it seeks to examine the effects of socioeconomic background and polytechnic environmental variables on academic performance. As a result, factors reflecting students’ family socioeconomic status, students’ classroom performance, out-of-class experiences and students’ extra-curricular activities are included in this study to investigate the idea that academic performance is a function of complex and interactive conditions in-and-out of classrooms.

The socioeconomic factors considered in this research work include parental education, income and family size since it is commonly reported that more educated and wealthier parents have children who perform better on average (Karemera, Reuben, & Sillah, 2003; Jacobs & Havey, 2005) as such children are better exposed to a learning environment at home because of provision and availability of extra learning facilities (Okafor, 2007). In a study conducted among the students of the University of Western Australia, Win and Miller (2004) observed that schools do matter to the performance of students in high school. Typically, the study shows...
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