The Dangers of Obesity

Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Low-carbohydrate diet Pages: 6 (2447 words) Published: December 13, 2012
Obesity, a word which can brings anyone‘s attention into focus these days and a top contributor to other diseases as the obesity related illnesses are currently responsible for 300,000 deaths per year in the United States .As per the latest official statistics, nearly 25 percent of Canadian children and around 60 percent of Canadian adults happen to be obese. And it’s the leading cause of death of nearly 25,000 Canadians annually. Because sedentary lifestyles, lack of exercise, and stress also contribute to this problem, people want a quick fix to weight loss and naturally that leads them to fad diets or pills, instead of behavior modification. (Kaur, 2011). The Atkins' Diet, one of the best known of the low carbohydrate diet programs, promotes the idea that carbohydrates are an overweight person's barrier to loosing weight. This essay will examine specifically what the Atkins' Diet calls for and the mounting body of evidence against low carbohydrate diets. Atkins Nutritional Approach is one the way which is popular among the people wants to lose pounds quickly .The Atkins diet stresses that people reduce their carbohydrate consumption and increase protein and fat consumption, which in turn can potentially lead to many physical problems for people following this diet. Some people are not fully aware of all the potential risks that come a long with following a diet such as the Atkins diet, such as problems stemming from the production of ketones. As with every diet, there are side effects, but at the same time there are several benefits too. Before people go on the Atkins diet or diets like this, they should consider both sides and especially the negative side-effects. In 1972 Dr. Robert Atkins published Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution and in 1992 published Dr. Atkins' New Diet Revolution, an updated version of his first book. Atkins' books promote a controlled carbohydrate diet and provide the dieter with a four-step program to losing weight. The first step is a 2-week "induction" period, during which one attempts to reduce his or her carbohydrate intake to less than 20 grams a day. During the remaining three steps the dieter incrementally raises his or her carbohydrate level, but never surpasses one's "critical carbohydrate level." Noncarbohyrate foods are permitted whenever the dieter is hungry and Atkins also recommends large amounts of nutritional supplements. By following these four steps, the dieter will induce ketosis, a process Atkins describes as equivalent to fat burning. When a person's body does not receive enough carbohydrates to burn for energy it turns to fat for its energy. He says, "There is nothing harmful, abnormal or dangerous about ketosis" and that is it a natural process within the body. The dieter will only have to wait about two days for ketosis to begin, which, according to Atkins, explains why a dieter following the Atkins' dieter sees results so quickly The primary health risk of the Atkins' Diet is dehydration. After carbohydrates are significantly reduced, ketosis begins and the dieter initially looses liver glycogen. This storage of carbohydrates is lost because the body does not have enough glucose to maintain blood sugar so it turns to the liver glycogen. Glycogen consists of a large number of water molecules and when the body converts glycogen to glucose, the water is lost from the body. This explains much of the initial weight loss on the Atkins' Diet, rather than Atkins' claim that the initial weight loss is fat. The large amount of water loss poses the risk of dehydration, but is not the most potentially severe consequence of the Atkins' ns

Many nutrition experts disagree with the basic premise of the Atkins Diet - the notion that high - carbohydrate, low-fat diets cause obesity. Some nutritionists point out that the traditional Japanese diet is very high in carbohydrates, low in protein, and very low in fat; however, before the introduction of high-fat and...
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