The Civil War

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Katelin Foster
9/30/12
Period 5
US History
The Civil War
The Civil War was a fight between the Southern states and the Northern states. It began in 1861 and ended in 1865. The northerners referred to this war as the war to preserve the Union because that became the main goal of the Civil War. Slavery was one of the causes of the war, but in the end Lincoln’s goal became preserving the union.

When Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin in 1783, cotton then became very profitable. Many farmers that had plantations but were not currently in the cotton business were then persuaded to grow cotton instead of what they were growing previously thus causing a very high demand for slaves. However, unlike the southern states agricultural based economy, the northern states economy was based on industry, and to develop a strong advanced society people of all different classes and ethnicities had to work together.

The south believed that Abraham Lincoln opposed slavery and favored the northern states more than the southern states. Therefore, seven states were trying to secede from the union before Abraham Lincoln even became president. The southern states believed that the 10th Amendment in the Bill of Rights entitled them to have the right to secession. Abraham Lincoln thought it was wrong for the states to try and secede, naturally Abraham Lincoln and congress declared war on the southern states.

The Civil War began in 1861 on April 12th. The first shots of the war were fired at Fort Sumter. After this incident, Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to serve in the army for 90 days. Lincoln wanted to get the northerners to focus on saving the union to avoid making the war about slavery. Slave states in the union had to choose a side because of this; they all chose to stand with the south.

The goals of the southern states were to be their own independent nation and to continue to continue with slavery unchanged. They made a huge profit from slavery;...
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