American History-Civil War
1.Write a brief history of the Civil War that centers around history of slavery and emancipation. How did slavery play a role in both the causes and the course of the war? In the mid 19th Century, when the economy of the United States grew tremendously, there was a critical economic disparity between the Southern and Northern regions. The southern part had a growing economy based on large scale farming, which depended on free labor from black slaves to grow cotton and tobacco. The civil war took place from 1861 to 1865 because of inequalities resulting from slavery. This was due to the conflict that existed between the free and slave states over the efforts of the national government to abolish slavery on the territories that were not yet states. After the election of Abraham Lincoln, the first republican president seven states inhabited by slaves in the South freed from the Confederate States of America (Mitchell 65). The national government did not recognize this as it was a threat to unity in the United States. The war broke on 12th April 1861 when the Confederate army opened fire on federal battalion after which Lincoln ordered the militia to suppress the Confederate army. Slavery contributed greatly to this war as the slave nations wanted to have their own nation free from all sorts of intimidation like slavery. By the end of that year, millions of armed men confronted themselves in battles with the real fighting beginning in 1862. After three years of fighting, all the Confederate armies surrendered after which their president Jefferson Davis was captured while fleeing in Georgia on 10th May 1865. The resistance was successfully quelled as it disintegrated ending the bloody war. The process of building a united country free from slavery and all sorts of intimidation began (Mitchell 95). Slavery and political alienation of the slave states made them result to secession, which was the...