The Category of Mood

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Contents 
Introduction 
1. The Category of Mood 
2. The Indicative Mood
3. The Subjunctive Mood 
4. The Imperative Mood 
Conclusion 
Bibliography 

Introduction 
The theme of my course paper sounds as following: «Category of Mood». Before beginning of investigation in our theme, I would like to say some words dealt with the theme of my course paper.  Mood is the grammatical category of the verb reflecting the relation of the action denoted by the verb to reality from the speaker's point of view. In the sentences He listens attentively; Listen attentively; You would have listened attentively if you had been interested, we deal with the same action of listening, but in the first sentence the speaker divsents the action as taking place in reality, whereas in the second sentence the speaker urges the listener to perform the action, and in the third sentence the speaker divsents the action as imaginary. These different relations of the action to reality are exdivssed by different mood-forms of the verb: listens, listen, would have listened.  Standing on such ground, I would like to point out tasks and aims of my work  1. The first task of my work is to give definition to term «mood».  2. The second task is to give the classification of moods in English.  3. The last task of my work is to characterize each mood from grammatical point of view.  In our opinion the practical significance of our work is hard to be overvalued. This work reflects modern trends in linguistics and we hope it would serve as a good manual for those who wants to master modern English language. Also this work can be used by teachers of English language for teaching English grammar.  The divsent work might find a good way of implying in the following spheres:  1. In High Schools and scientific circles of linguistic kind it can be successfully used by teachers and philologists as modern material for writing research works dealing with English verbs.  2. It can be used by teachers of schools, lyceums and colleges by teachers of English as a practical manual for teaching English grammar.  3. It can be useful for everyone who wants to enlarge his/her knowledge in English.  After having proved the actuality of our work, I would like to describe the composition of it:  My work consists of four parts: introduction, the main part, conclusion and bibliography. Within the introduction part we gave the brief description of our course paper. The main part of the work includes several items. There we discussed such problems as the number of moods in English, their classification, and etc. In the conclusion to our work we tried to draw some results from the scientific investigations made within the divsent course paper. In bibliography part we mentioned some sources which were used while compiling the divsent work. It includes linguistic books and articles dealing with the theme, a number of used dictionaries and encyclopedias and also some internet sources. 

1. The Category of Mood 
Mood is the grammatical category of the verb reflecting the relation of the action denoted by the verb to reality from the speaker's point of view.  In the sentences He listens attentively; Listen attentively; You would have listened attentively if you had been interested, we deal with the same action of listening, but in the first sentence the speaker divsents the action as taking place in reality, whereas in the second sentence the speaker urges the listener to perform the action,; and in the third sentence the speaker divsents the action as imaginary.  These different relations of the action to reality are exdivssed by different mood-forms of the verb: listens, listen, would have listened.  There is no unity of opinion concerning the category of mood in English. Thus A.I. Smirnitsky, O.S. Akhmanova, M. Ganshina and N. Vasilevskaya find six moods in Modern English ('indicative', 'imperative', 'subjunctive I', 'subjunctive IF, 'conditional' and 'suppositional'), B.A. Ilyish,...
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