The Breach of Bank Secrecy by International Rogatory Letters

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The Breach of Bank Secrecy by International Rogatory Letters

Rio de Janeiro State University
UERJ
Faculdade de Direito

The Breach of Bank
Secrecy by
International Rogatory
Letters

Student: Isabel Tandeitnik Husid
Subject: International Law I
Prof.: Marilda Rosado de Sá Ribeiro

Isabel Tandeitnik Husid

The Breach of Bank Secrecy by International Rogatory Letters

Raises a lot of discussion the breach of
banking account data confidentiality requested by passive
international rogatory letters 1 , as the courts have been
denying them, arguing that they have enforceability
character, because of that they are unsusceptible to be
fulfilled without forecasting treaty and that it would hurt the Brazilian public order, since the bank secrecy is included in the constitutional guarantees.
International
rogatory
letters
with
enforceability character are note accepted in our national
legal system, and this is common ground both in the courts
as between the scholars, who defends that the International
rogatory letter can only have as object a diligence to be
conducted in Brazil, such as the service of process,
intimations, hearing of whitnesses and obtaining evidences in general.
On that way have decided the Supreme
Court as seen in the following decision:
“Sentença negatória de exequatur. Carta
Rogatória expedida pela Justiça da República
Argentina para se proceder no Brasil ao seqüestro
de bens móveis e imóveis.Medida cautelar prevista
no art. 1.295 do Código Civil argentino com o nome
jurídico de embargo e no artigo 822 do Código de
Processo Civil brasileiro, com o nome jurídico de
seqüestro. Tratando-se de providência judicial que
depende, no Brasil, de sentença que a decrete,
imperiosa é a conclusão de que tal medida não pode
ser executada em nosso País antes de ser
homologada, na jurisdição brasileira, a sentença
estrangeira que a tenha concedido. Exequatur
denegado”2.
1

Passive international rogatory letter is the one requested by the for eign authority to be executed in Brazil.
2
STF, RTJ 95:46, CR 3.237/Argentina, Rel. Min. Antonio Neder.

Isabel Tandeitnik Husid

The Breach of Bank Secrecy by International Rogatory Letters

Besides, in the transcript excerpt below
taken from the body of the decision, the possible measures
are specified:
“A carta rogatória constitui expediente pelo
qual se cumprem ou executam os atos judiciais de
procedimento que não dependem de sentença, tais
como citações, intimações, avaliações et similia”.
We can notice that only those measures that
do not require a judicial decision are able to be requested by the foreign authority through the international rogatory letter. Any other measure that requires a judgment must be
requested through its own device.
Along the same lines, there is the InterAmerican Convention on the International Rogatory Letters (1975), ratified by Brazil, which establishes on the second
article the object of the international rogatory letters,
expressly excluding on its third article steps with executive character, in verbis:
“Art. 3º. Esta Convenção não se aplicará a
nenhuma carta rogatória relativa a atos processuais
outros que não os mencionados no artigo anterior;
em especial, não se aplicará àqueles que impliquem
execução coativa”.
Only international rogatory letters issued
within the Mercosul derogate this rule, due to Protocols of Las Lenas and Ouro Preto. 3

As seen in the following judgment, the
Supreme Court one more time rejects the possibility of
3

The Protocolo of Judicial Cooperation and Assistance in Civil Law, Commercial Law, Labour Law and Administrative Law (Las Leñas, 1992) establishes on the 19th article that : “O pedido de reconhecimento e execução das sentenças e de laudos arbitrais por parte das autoridades jurisdicionais será tramitado por via de cartas rogatórias e por intermédio da Autoridade Centra l” and the Protocolo of Preventive Measures (Ouro Preto, 1994)...
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