“THE BOOK OF MICAH”
Author: The author of the Book of Micah was the Prophet Micah (Micah 1:1).
Date of Writing: The Book of Micah was likely written between 735 and 700 B.C.
Purpose of Writing: The message of the Book of Micah is a complex mixture of judgment and hope. On the one hand, the prophecies announce judgment upon Israel for social evils, corrupt leadership and idolatry. This judgment was expected to culminate in the destruction of Samaria and Jerusalem. On the other hand, the book proclaims not merely the restoration of the nation, but the transformation and exaltation of Israel and Jerusalem. The messages of hope and doom are not necessarily contradictory, however, since restoration and transformation take place only after judgment. Key Verses: Micah 1:2, "Hear, O peoples, all of you, listen, O earth and all who are in it, that the Sovereign LORD may witness against you, the Lord from His holy temple." oMicah means ‘Who is like Jehovah’ or ‘Who is like Jehovah?’ oMicah is a contemporary with Isaiah. Can’t tell if one copied or collaborated together. oTime of Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah - 758-698 B.C.
oMessage to both Northern and Southern Kingdoms (Israel and Judah). oTheme: Book of Righteousness of God
oMicah had a simple life while Isaiah of nobility.
oMicah's key verse: He has told you, O man, what is good; And what does the LORD require of you But to do justice, to love kindness, And to walk humbly with your God? (Micah 6:8). oNew Testament key verse: "But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added to you. (Matthew 6:33). Audiences: Micah wrote to both the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah/Jerusalem; nevertheless, the southern nation of Judah was his primary audience. Structure:At the broadest level Micah can be divided into three roughly equal parts: oJudgement against the nations and their leaders (chapters 1-3, probably the only...