Ancient Near Eastern Taught and the Old Testiment

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY

BOOK SUMMARY OF ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN THOUGHT AND THE OLD TESTAMENT

Need author, publisher

A BOOK SUMMARY
SUBMITTED
TO DR. DANIEL WARNER
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE
REQUIREMENTS FOR OBST 590

DEPARTMENT OF OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE

BY
SUSAN MADOO

BROOKLYN, NEW YORK

28 FEBRUARY 2013

Summary: Ancient Near Eastern Thought and The Old Testament

Introduction

In today’s society as people begin to comprehend how the ancient people viewed the world; the Old Testament becomes a book that can clearly stand within its ancient context. Although sometimes speaking against it, John Walton in the introduction of the book gives a well thought out introduction to ancient Near Eastern literature, and what information the book provides for understanding the world of ancient Israel. John Walton research many scholars work on various literature. In his findings he considered all of the perspectives (all?) that the literature offered on religion, beliefs, gods, People, history and the cosmos,(left hanging here, not sure what you want to do with these) John Walton states there are “three important roles that comparative studies can provide in biblical interpretation: critical analysis, defense of the biblical text, and exegesis.

He tries to persuade the audience by examining artifacts to assist the person’s understanding, through both artifacts and historical prospective and culture to parell his findings with the Bible. (sentence does not make sense) John Walton did an excellent job of drawing the reader’s attention, by opening (choice of words) their appetites, by showing and explaining so many fascinating things about ancient Israel and Old Testament Scriptures. The book is an excellent for Students to develop their understanding of the Old Testament Scriptures and the ancient Israel

Book Summary
In Ancient Near Eastern thought and The Old Testament the book (his book not the ANE and OTT) is divided into five parts. Part 1 “comparative studies,” consist of two chapters. These two chapters introduce the reader to the history and methods of comparative study. In-addition to the relationship between comparative study, scholarship, and Theology. Part 2 contains a single chapter where John gives a summary of the literature of ancient Near East. Part 3 talks about Religion: Part 4 the Cosmos and Part 5 the people. (missing punctuation) John Walton explore all the following source material mentioned previously in understanding comparative studies.

PART 1 Comparative Study
Chapter 1 History and Methods
John Walton states “comparative studies constitutes a branch of cultural studies in that it attempts to draw data from different segments of the broader culture (in time and or space) into juxtaposition with one another in order to assess what might be learned from one to enhance the understanding of another” . John Walton argument is that Bible scholars need comparative studies because it is helpful, both for understanding the background of religious practice, to which the Bible ideal is contrasted, comparative study will reveal many areas of continuity alongside the noted discontinuity. (sentence does not make sence) In-addition John Oswald (wrong guy, Walton) states “we can conclude logically that without the guidance of background studies, we are guarantee to misinterpret the text at some point”. He further gives some examples of the text being misinterpret. John Walton gives an example (just said this in the first sentence) on the tower of Babel, found in Genesis 11:1-9 if it was not for the culture and background studies of ancient Near Eastern background, the early interpreters could have clearly interpreted that the builders were building an apparatus to attack the heavens. However, the background studies has shown the modern interpreters, that the people build the tower as an expression to describe the comparison of Egypt and Mesopotamia artifacts, to read and...
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