In 1944 fascist Spain, a girl named Ofelia, fascinated and obsessed with fairy-tales, is sent along with her pregnant mother to live with her new stepfather, a ruthless and somewhat evil captain of the Spanish army. During the night, she meets a fairy who takes her to an old faun in the center of an old labyrinth garden. Upon meeting the Faun, he tells her she is the lost Princess, Moanna, and that her father, the king of the underworld, has sent out messengers to open portals so she could return. However, because there is only one portal left she must be tested and carry out three tasks to prove her “essence” is still intact and that she hasn’t become mortal. Though it is subtle, the movie, Pan’s Labyrinth uses quite a few references to the bible to tell it’s story.
One example of how Pan’s Labyrinth uses references in the bible is when the story tells of a Princess who has escaped from a “utopia” where there are no lies and no pain. She was very curious and often dreamt about the Human world, so she then escaped. Though a little different, this part of the movie is a reference to the Garden of Eden and of Adam and Eve. The place that the Princess lived is described as a place of no lies and pain, similar to how the Garden of Eden was described as a utopia that God created. In addition, Adam and Eve had eaten fruit from the tree of knowledge and became aware of the world around them which similar to how the Princess becomes curious about the human world. Furthermore, when Adam and Eve were banished, they suffered many hardships, where in comparison, when Princess Moanna came to the human world, she suffered as well.
Another example of how Pan’s Labyrinth uses references in the bible in it’s story is shown when Ofelia is given three tasks to complete to prove she has Princess Moanna’s essence and is not a mortal. This is strikingly similar to how in the Book of Job, God allows Satan to test Job to see if he will still be loyal to God even when tragedy falls...
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