The Television Industry has been running now for the last 49 years, it consists of 5 free-to-air television stations (ABC, Seven Network, Nine Network, Ten Network and SBS) and 3 pay-tv stations. Two of the five free-to-air networks are government funded (ABC and SBS). All free-to-air stations are based in every capital city in Australia. All free-to-air stations cover all of Australia, some rural areas have local television stations as well as nation wide stations. This report will cover the television industry of both Free-to-air and Pay TV.
The Television Industry is a large industry in Australia. It has contributed $1.2 Billion to the Australian economy and employed more than 20,000 people. (http://www.aftrs.edu.au) It is not as big as the cinema industry but it's getting closer. There are two kinds of television in Australia, free-to-air and pay TV. There are 5 major free-to-air television stations but two are government funded. In some parts of Australia there is also local television featuring local programs eg. Briz 31. The pay TV industry is growing rapidly with a far variation of channels for viewers to choose from. The first pay TV company to enter Australia was Foxtel when it came in 1995. Other major contenders are Optus and Austar. Previously these different companies had their own channels and they were competing against each other. But Foxtel by far had the best movie channels and sport channels. Then recently the ACCC (Australian Competition and Consumer Commission) gave the approval of channel sharing' between players. (http://www.afc.gov.au) This made all pay TV companies share their channels so it would be a fair market. Foxtel is the largest subscription television operator in Australia closely followed by Austar and then Optus TV. Pay TV stations does not cover all of Australia as some companies fight for the rights of particular areas. Eg. Austar bought the rights of the Gold Coast area so now Foxtel can't sell their station in Gold Coast. Now with the introduction of Digital Television this will revolutionise television in Australia all together. Foxtel was the first pay TV provider to have this new technology followed by Austar. Optus TV hasn't got this new technology yet. But it isn't just pay TV that has this technology, free-to-air also has it but viewers have to purchase a set-top box to use this new technology free of charge.
ABC Government Funded
SBS Government Funded
Briz 31 Local Television station
Pay TV stations:
In total there are 24 separate commercial television markets in Australia in 2002/04, and 48 individual television stations. Most Australian commercial television stations are owned by public companies listed on the ASX. The Australian Government is the owner of the ABC and SBS television services.
2002/03: Markets and ownership as of June 2003
Ad. revenues ($m)Population ('000s)Ad. revenue
per capita ($)Ownership1 based on
Metropolitan markets (5 markets and 15 stations)
Aggregated regional markets (5 markets and 14 stations)
Total aggregrated regional5756,22192
Other regional markets (14 markets and 19 stations)
Total other regional911,43863333
Source: Australian Broadcasting Authority, ACNielsen & ATR Australia
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