The study integrated the qualities of nursing students (N=227) with their aptitude and academic achievement in a tripartite model. A battery of tests called in the Assessment for Nursing Potential (ANP) composed of the (a) Nursing Quality Scale (NQS) with factors on caring, compassion, commitment and connectedness; (b) Achievement test; and (c) Aptitude test was used in the study. Using a three-wave longitudinal design, the NQS was first administered followed by the aptitude, then the achievement tests. The effects of the nursing qualities on achievement and aptitude were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The first model indicates that nursing quality as a latent factor has no significant effects on both achievement and aptitude, obtaining a moderate goodness of fit (RMSEA=.09). However, when the same model was tested including the effect of aptitude on achievement, it resulted to a better fit (RMSEA=.06). In the second model, aptitude has a significant effect on achievement, p<.05. The model explains that attitudinal characteristics of nurses are independent of cognitive abilities such as their aptitude and achievement, and thus supports the belief that it is possible to integrate them in assessing nursing potential. Although effective nurses may possess the necessary characteristics such as caring, compassion, commitment, and connectedness, these quality traits do not affect their abilities.
Considering the growing demand of Filipino nurses abroad, there is a great need for them to improve nursing quality by learning necessary competencies and characteristics to succeed in the profession. Valanis (2000) argued that nurses need additional competencies in order to function effectively. The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organization also states that nurses need to develop more competencies to perform well in their job functions. These competencies refer to knowledge, skills, behaviors as well as personal characteristics. Different studies on nursing quality focused on exploring trait on caring as a primary characteristic (e. g. Blasdell & Hudgins-Brewer, 1999; Gunther & Thomas, 2006; Tise, 1988). On the other hand, most of the studies on the achievement of nurses focused on predicting their success using licensure examination scores as the criterion (e. g. Lam, 2000; Waterhouse & Beeman, 2003; Giddens & Gloeckner, 2005). The current literature on nursing characteristics and achievement were studied separately considering that there is a growing attention in describing the complexity of nurses’ characteristics as well as their changing roles. The present study proposes to integrate both quality and abilities of nurses because providing services with care needs to be aligned with their ability to handle the technical aspects of their job. The study further tested a model showing the direction from qualities of nursing students (caring, compassion, commitment, and connectedness) directly affecting their aptitude and academic achievement. The model implies that there should be an integration of the knowledge, skills, and behaviors of nurses to optimize their potential for success in the nursing profession.. Nursing Quality Traits
Nursing quality is defined as an experiential judgment emerging from the nurse-patient interaction. Most of the studies on nursing quality and traits focused on a single factor such as emphasizing on nursing care while neglecting other characteristics and components. The study by Mamauag and Magno (2005), however, elaborates varied nursing qualities extracted from factor analysis. The resulting framework of nursing qualities does not only emphasize the importance of caring but also other factors such as compassion, commitment, and connectedness. In the said study, a scale composed of these four factors was constructed showing that caring, compassion, commitment, and connectedness have items that highly load for each factor. Using the...
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