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APES Study Guide
Chapters 18 and 19

Solid Waste and Hazardous Chemicals


CH 18
• MSW, Municipal Solid Waste
• fig 18-2 %’s
• fig 18-3 Disposal Method
• landfill
• leachate
• biogas & anaerobic respiration
• waste to energy combustion
• PETE and HDPE plastics
• PC and PVC plastics
• Recycling methods
• “NIMBY” not in my…
• NIMTOO not in my…
• Affluenza disease p.481
• RCRA 1976 p.501
CH 19
• POP’s persistent organic pollutants
• The “dirty dozen” POP’s
• Love Canal
• Ignitability
• Corrosivity
• Reactivity
• Toxicity
• Halogenated hydrocarbons
• Chlorinated hydrocarbons
• Secured landfills
• Midnight dumping
• Deep-well injection
• Groundwater remediation
• Bioremediation
• Photoremediation
• Brownfields
• Environmental justice
• Responsible care program
• Minamata disease p.491
• Superfund or CERCLA

Review Questions:
1. List the major components of municipal solid waste.
2. Trace the historical development of refuse disposal. What % now goes to landfills, combustion and recycling? 3. What are the major problems with placing waste in landfills? How can these problems be managed? 4. What are advantages and disadvantages to WTE combustion? 5. Describe the materials that are recycled and how recycling is accomplished. 6. What is integrated waste management? What would be a stewardly and sustainable solid-waste management plan? 7. What four categories are used to define hazardous chemicals? 8. Define “total product life cycle” and discuss the many stages at which pollutants may enter the environment. 9. What are the “dirty dozen” POP’s and why are they on a list? 10. How were chemical wastes disposed of prior to 1970?

11. Discribe how two hazardous waste laws past in the 1970s shifted pollution from one part of the environment to another? 12. Define each of the laws below and summarize what each was set up to do....
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