Tenses of Verbs

Topics: Past tense, Grammatical tense, Romance languages Pages: 3 (584 words) Published: July 6, 2013
The Twelve Tenses of English
PRESENT (main verb)
I study English.
He studies English.

PAST (past tense of main verb)
I studied English.
He studied English.

FUTURE (will or shall + main verb)
I will study English.
He will study English.

PRESENT PERFECT (have or has + past participle of verb)
I have studied English.
He has studied English.

PAST PERFECT (had + past participle of verb)
I had studied English.
He had studied English.

FUTURE PERFECT (will or shall + have + past participle of verb) I will have studied English.
He will have studied English.

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (form of "be" verb + "ing" form of main verb) I am studying English.
He is studying English.

PAST PROGRESSIVE (past tense of form "be" verb + "ing" form of main verb) I was studying English.
He was studying English.

FUTURE PROGRESSIVE (will or shall +be + "ing" form of main verb) I will be studying English.
He will be studying English.

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (have or has + been + "ing" form of main verb) I have been studying English.
He has been studying English.

PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (had + been + "ing" form of main verb) I had been studying English.
He had been studying English.

FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (will or shall + have + been + "ing" form of main verb) I will have been studying English.
He will have been studying English.

Tense of Verbs
The word tense comes from the Latin word, tempus, which means "time." The tense of a verb shows the time when an action or condition occurred. In English the tense also may provide emphasis and may determine whether or not an action or condition was continuous or repetitive. There are fourteen tenses in modern English.

There are three basic tenses: past, present, and future. They show whether a simple action or condition occurred, occurs, or will occur in the past, present, or future. There are three perfect tenses: past perfect, present perfect, and future perfect. They show whether...
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