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Description: Zeus has his sway over Mount Olympus and is the king of the Gods. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea, the husband to Hera, and has 15 children, all of whom were Olympians. Depiction: He is often depicted as a tall and a sturdy man with regal attire. He has long hair and a long beard. Generally, he is depicted in a standing pose, but we also have some seated sculptures of Zeus. Attributes: The thunderbolt is his main attribute which is generally placed in his right hand. Sometimes, he carries a royal scepter in his left hand. Bull and eagle are his sacred animals.

Description: Hades is the God of the dead. He is the lord of the Underworld and the guardian of all the wealth that is hidden beneath the surface of the earth. He is the elder brother of Zeus and is married to Persephone. Depiction: Though he does not have many classical depictions, he has been depicted seated on his throne, along with his three-headed dog, Cerberus by his side. Attributes: He always holds a Helm of Darkness and the Key of Hades in his hands. His sacred bird is the screech owl.

Description: Often known as Neptune, Poseidon is the lord of the sea. He is the one who creates the horses from sea-foam and is also the creator of earthquakes. He is the brother of Zeus and Hades. Depiction: He is depicted as a sturdy old man with a long beard and holding a trident in his hand. Attributes: He usually holds a trident but the statue of Poseidon at Goteborg, Sweden, depicts him as a youth holding a fish and a conch shell in his hands.

Description: Hera is the Goddess of childbirth and marriage. She is often said to be the Goddess of the feminine and is the wife and sister of Zeus. Depiction: She is depicted as a calm and an impressive woman, often seated on a throne and wearing a crown on her head. Attributes: She holds a pomegranate and a lotus-tipped staff in her hands. Animals associated with Hera include lion and peacock.

Description: Often considered to be the deity of the farmer, Demeter is the Goddess of fertility, grain, agriculture and harvest. She is a sister of Zeus and the calmest of all deities. She is also, at times considered to be the Goddess of creativity. Depiction: She is represented, either standing or seated, as a matured woman, a motherly figure wearing a long attire and a veil. Attributes: In her hands, she carries corn and a torch and sometimes, a wand. She is symbolized by Cornucopia. Animals depicted alongside Demeter include pigs and serpents.


Description: Hestia is the sister of Zeus and is the Goddess of homes and hearth and cooking. She is the center point of all homes of the Greek civilization. Depiction: She is depicted in a standing pose as a modest mature woman wearing a veil. Attributes: Her common attributes include a hearth and a kettle.

Description: Ares is the God of order, courage, violence and bloodshed, thus highlighting both the negative and positive aspects. He is also the son of Zeus and Hera and lover of Aphrodite. Depiction: He is depicted in a standing position either as strong and matured person with a dark beard and dressed as a warrior or as a youth without a beard, also dressed as a warrior. Attributes: He holds a spear in his hand and has a helm on his head. Animals sacred to him are snakes, vultures, alligators, boars and dogs.

Description: This son of Zeus is the God of mischief, travel, trade, language and animal husbandry. He is the messenger of Gods and has a humorous knack of playing tricks on people. Depiction: In common depictions, he is either a strong and an athletic youth or an old man with a long beard. Attributes: He carries a wand and wears a traveler's cap. His sandals have wings. The animals associated with Hermes are hawk, tortoise and ram.

Description: Also the son of Zeus, Dionysus is the God of enjoyment and merriment. He governs the intoxication of wine, parties, festivals and...
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