Early Childhood Education Capstone – ECE 430
Prof. Pilar Carroll
January 21, 2013
Teaching Preschool Children
First of all, I would like to say thank you for this interview that is allowing me to discuss my qualifications and philosophy of education. Teaching children brings me great satisfactions because I am contributing to their education. Children are very special and unique as they are still going through their cognitive development. Every child is different and their learning abilities are too. As educators it is important that we provide children with a high quality education that promotes their cognitive development. I will bring to this preschool my teaching knowledge, creativity, enthusiasm, and my sensitive to all of the children’s needs. I will follow the school’s program according to the National Association for the Education of Young Children, position statement of Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children for Birth through Age 8. I will be including a one week-long plan that will demonstrate by ability to create a curriculum and an integrated activity plan that that follows the schools position statement. There are several different philosophers and theories that have had great impact on today’s early childhood education. As educators we all have different philosophies on education and values. There are two philosophers that I believe that best correlate with my philosophy of education and values. The first philosopher that best correlates with my philosophy is Jean Piaget. Jean Piaget was a developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. As Jean Piaget did studies on children he noticed that children constantly gave incorrect answers to certain questions. Piaget was not interested in the fact that children were wrong, but the fact that they made mistakes the older children and adults did not. It is through this research that led to the development of Jean Piaget’s theory that young children’s cognitive process is different from adults (Boeree, 1999-2006). Jean Piaget’s theory is referred to as constructivist theory because he concluded that children create or construct their own understanding through interactions with people and objects (Feeney, Moravcik, Nolte, & Christensen, 2010, p.145). According to the text book “Piaget believed that understand must be discovered and constructed by the activity of the children rather than through passive observation” (Feeney, Moravcik, Nolte, & Christensen, 2010, p.145). The best way to support Piaget’s constructivist theory is by doing more hands-on activities and interactive activities with the children in the classroom. Children’s cognitive development is enhanced when the children participate in more hands-on activities and interactive activities. Jean Piaget’s theory best correlates with my philosophy of education because I am also a firm believer that children learn best through experiences. Children acquire these experiences as they interact with their surrounding environment. According to Jean Piaget’s theory and my own philosophy of education it is important that children be allowed to spend as much time exploring their environment, because it is through experiences that children gain their cognitive development. Jean Piaget believed there are two basic principles regarding to moral education. The two principles are that children develop moral ideas in stages and that children create their own conception of the world. Jean Piaget developed his constructivist theory many years ago the idea still hold true to this day. Even though early childhood professionals have benefited from other theorist, but it is from Piaget that the current philosophy of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) has emerged (Eliason & Jenkins, 2012, p.5). Many early childhood educators and my-self feel that...