Syphilis and Health Care

Topics: Syphilis, Sexually transmitted disease, AIDS Pages: 12 (3582 words) Published: March 6, 2013
The Study of Syphilis, It’s Cause and Effect
(A Library Research)

I. Introduction

Men and women of this generation are more prone of having sexually transmitted diseases. It is now one of the major problems in the field of medicine and health. STD is very broad and has many aspects just like cancer. There are also different types of this disease, one of these is syphilis. Syphilis has been known to cause devastating epidemics. It killed a lot men and children way back when the cure of this is still unknown. Even though it is curable now, there are still people who are in misery facing this problem. Syphilis is the main topic of this research paper. The researchers believe that if they pursue this paper, it might help the ones who are suffering from it. But the main reason of the researchers is to give information and knowledge on how to prevent people from having the disease. They believe that prevention is better than cure. From this, they started gathering data and do this library research.

What is Syphilis?
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a type of bacteria known as a spirochete. It is extremely small and can live almost anywhere in the body. It is transmitted via sexual contact from the infected person to the uninfected person. It spreads from the initial ulcer to the skin or mucous membranes of the genitalia; it may also be spread to the mouth, anus or broken skin on other parts of the body. Unborn child may be infected by the mother having the said diseased. As a result, the child may be born with serious physical and mental problems. (Karp etal, 2009) Thesis Statement

Syphilis is curable and most wide spread transmitted disease caused by promiscuity and same sex marriage.

II. Historical Background

Authorities believe that syphilis was introduced into Europe in 1493 by crew members returning from Christopher Columbus's first expedition to America; by the 16th century, syphilis had become the major public disease. The spirochete responsible for syphilis was discovered only in 1905, however, by the German zoologist Fritz Schaudinn. In 1906 the German bacteriologist August von Wassermann developed the first blood reaction test for the disease's diagnosis, and in 1909 the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich discovered the first effective treatment: the arsenic-containing compound Salvarsan. In 1943 the antibiotic penicillin was shown to be highly effective against syphilis, and it is still the preferred treatment for the disease.(Microsoft Encarta, 2009) Effective therapy and intensive public-health measures reduced the number of cases reported in the United States from 106,000 in 1947 to 25,500 in 1975, but the number rose again to about 35,500 cases in 1999. During the 1970s most cases of syphilis in men occurred in homosexuals, but the increase in the 1980s appeared to be largely among heterosexuals. This trend increased the incidence of congenital syphilis, which causes a high rate of morbidity and mortality in infants. People who also have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are more likely to develop serious forms of syphilis and to suffer relapses after treatment that usually would be curative. (Microsoft Encarta, 2009)

III. Types of Syphilis
Just like any other diseases, syphilis has many levels, or preferably called types. Primary Syphilis
Primary is the first stage of syphilis. The symptoms of the first stage of the infection, primary syphilis, usually appear 10 days to 3 months after sexual contact with an infected person. A painless red sore called a chancre can appear on the genitals in the area where the infection occurred. Enlarged lymph nodes (swollen glands) also might be present in the area. Depending on the type of sexual contact, a chancre might also develop on the mouth or in the rectal area. Chancres are the primary way that syphilis is transmitted between people, but often are unrecognized. Even without treatment, chancres will heal...
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