Discuss risk behaviours associated with sexual activity and the effect these behaviours can have on a young individual: When sexually active, there are many risks/consequences that may occur subsequent to sexual activity; most consequences are sexually transmitted infections (STI’s), but many also suffer from depression or poor mental health, or pregnancy.
Some STI’s that may be transmitted via vaginal, oral and anal sex are:
- Chlamydia: infects the urethra, rectum and eyes in both sexes, and the cervix in women. If left untreated, long-term infection can lead to fertility problems in women.
- Crabs/ Pubic lice: Crabs or pubic lice are small crab-shaped parasites that burrow into the skin to feed on blood. They live on coarse body hair, predominantly pubic hair
- Gonorrhoea: infects the urethra, cervix, rectum, anus and throat. Symptoms are: Burning sensation when urinating, White/yellow discharge from penis, Change in vaginal discharge & Irritation/Discharge from anus (if infected)
- Hepatitis (A-B-C): Hepatitis refers to viral infections that cause inflammation of the liver.
- Herpes: Itching/Tingling sensation from genitals, Small fluid-filled blisters that burst leaving sores, Pain urine passes over open sores, Headache, Backache, Flu-like symptoms (swollen glands and fever)
- Syphilis: Used to be known as pox. Symptoms are: One or more painless ulcers on the penis, vagina, vulva, cervix, anus or mouth, Small lumps on groin due to swollen glands, Non-itchy rash and fever or flu-like symptoms
- HIV: (human immunodeficiency virus), Weakens ability to fight infection/disease e.g. Cancer. There is no cure for HIV. AIDS occurs as the final stage of HIV, it is when your body can no longer fight fatal infections.
Sexual activity can also result in short term depression, as either party may regret having sex, be bullied (called...