Swami Vivekananda

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  • Topic: Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Mission, Hinduism
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English: This is a manuscript of an English poetry written by Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902). The full poetry is:
The mother's heart, the hero's will,
The sweetness of the southern breeze,
The sacred charm and strength that dwell
On Aryan altars, flaming, free;
All these be yours, and many more
No ancient soul could dream before --
Be thou to India's future son
The mistress, servant, friend in one.
With the blessings of Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
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This article is about Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda. For other uses, see Swami Vivekananda (disambiguation). Swami Vivekananda|

Swami Vivekananda in Chicago, September, 1893. On the left Vivekananda wrote in his own handwriting: "one infinite pure and holy – beyond thought beyond qualities I bow down to thee".[1]| Born| Narendra Nath Datta

12 January 1863
Calcutta, India|
Died| 4 July 1902 (aged 39)
Belur Math near Calcutta|
Nationality| Indian|
Founder of| Belur Math, Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission| Guru| Ramakrishna|
Philosophy| Vedanta|
Literary works| Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga| Prominent Disciple(s)| Alasinga Perumal, Swami Abhayananda, Sister Nivedita, Swami Sadananda| Influence on[show]|
Quotation| Come up, O lions, and shake off the delusion that you are sheep; you are souls immortal, spirits free, blest and eternal; ye are not matter, ye are not bodies; matter is your servant, not you the servant of matter.[2] (See more quotations in Wikiquote)|

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Swami Vivekananda (Bengali pronunciation:  Shāmi Bibekānando (help·info)): Bengali pronunciation: [ʃami bibekanɒnɖo]) (12 January 1863–4 July 1902), born Narendra Nath Datta[3] (Bengali pronunciation: [nɔrend̪ro nat̪ʰ d̪ɔt̪t̪o]), was an Indian Hindu monk. He was a key figure in the introduction of Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the western world[4] and was credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a major world religion in the late 19th century.[5] He was a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India and contributed to the notion of nationalism in colonial India.[6] He was the chief disciple of the 19th century saint Ramakrishna and the founder of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission.[4] He is perhaps best known for his inspiring speech beginning with "Sisters and Brothers of America,"[7] through which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. Born into an aristocratic Bengali family of Calcutta,[8] Vivekananda showed an inclination towards spirituality. He was influenced by his guru Ramakrishna from whom he learnt that all living beings were an embodiment of the divine self and hence, service to God could be rendered by service to mankind.[9] After the death of his guru, Vivekananda toured the Indian subcontinent extensively and acquired a first-hand knowledge of the conditions that prevailed in British India.[10] He later travelled to the United States to represent India as a delegate in the 1893 Parliament of World Religions. He conducted hundreds of public and private lectures and classes, disseminating tenets of Hindu philosophy in the United States, England and Europe. In India, Vivekananda is regarded as a patriotic saint and his birthday is celebrated as the National Youth Day.[11] Contents * 1 Early life (1863–1888) * 1.1 Birth and childhood * 1.2 College and Brahmo Samaj * 1.3 With Ramakrishna * 1.4 Founding of the Ramakrishna Math * 2 As a monk wandering in India (1888–1893) * 2.1 Northern India (1888–1890) * 2.2 The Himalayas (1890–1891) * 2.3 Rajputana (1891) * 2.4 Western India (1891–1892) * 2.5 Southern India (1892–1893) * 3 First visit to the West (1893–1897) * 3.1 Parliament of the World's Religions * 3.2 Lecturing tours in America and England * 4 Back in India...
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