Development refers to the process of learning new skills and abilities, and acquiring emotional maturity. All development changes are the result of both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factors and diet are in the main responsible for growth, whereas environmental factors such as quality of the diet and disease are responsible for the emotional growth.
‘Child development’ is the term given to the growth of babies through childhood. Although all children will go through the same stages of development, they will do so at varying speeds. There are five key stages of development that take place during the first eight years of a child’s life. These are Physical, Intellectual, Language, Emotional and Social.
0-2 years: When a baby is born, for first three months they lie on their back but are able to make basic distinction in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touching. Around three months baby will start lifting his head and will be able to kick vigorously. They will also recognise their main carer. As time goes on the baby will be able to grasp objects and try to put that in their mouth. Mobility usually comes at the ages of nine to twelve months. They will be able to crawl and some might be able to sit and walk unaided. At the age of one most babies can climb up the stairs (under supervision). Children at two years age are very mobile. They will be able to throw and kick a ball but may not be very confident to catch it.
3-5 years: Children of three years age will be able to walk, run and jump from low heights. They can even ride a bike. When a child is four years old they can catch, throw and kick a ball with full confidence. They are able to walk in a straight line. By the time a child reaches their fifth birthday they should have mastered how to use a variety of equipment and their physical ability will have enhanced...