Summary of Conversational Analysis by Charles Goodwin and John Heritage (1990)

Topics: Sociology, Harvey Sacks, Conversation analysis Pages: 2 (524 words) Published: February 2, 2013
Conversational Analysis was introduced by Harvey Sacks and his partners which are Emanuel Schegloff and Gail Jefferson at the University of California in the 1960s. It was developed in an intellectual environment shaped by Goffman's work on the moral underpinnings of social interaction and Garfinkel's ethnomethodology focusing on the interpretive procedures underlying social action. Sacks started to study the real-time sequential ordering of actions which are rules, patterns, and structures in the relations between actions. Thereby, he made a radical shift in the perspective of social scientific inquiry into social interaction: instead of treating social interaction as a screen upon which other processes such as moral, inferential, or others were projected, Sacks started to study the very structures of the interaction itself. There are two essential parts of conversational analysis which are analytic and methodological orientations. Thus, this paper will discuss some aspects of the subsequent development of conversation-analytic research and findings that dominantly based on anthropologist’s interest. There are dimensions of context that are accomplished within a turn at talk and in sequences of talk, preference and politeness, conversation-analytic approaches to narrative and story-telling and the relevance of conversational analysis to anthropology. Within conversational analysis, there are some salient researches that focused on the problem in setting where social interaction is different with conversational interaction. One of them is, Sack study (1974) which indicated that among various form of interactions, turn taking procedures might differ. As shown in his studies of courtrooms, classroom and news-interview. This study is dealing with the problem of context and categorization because the use of turn taking whether it is distinctive or normatively sanctioned, it indicates the participants’ pervasive orientation to particular social context and identities...
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