Study Guide Chapter 5

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AP World History

Chapter 5 – Age of Empires: Rome & Han China Med

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Chapter Objectives: When you finish studying this chapter each student should: Be able to analyze the causes of the rise, the stability, and the decline of the Roman and Han empires in terms of their respective geographical locations, natural resources, economic base, administrative structures, and ideological systems. Understand the political evolution of the Roman state from the Republic to the principate, paying particular attention to how change was related to the growth of empire and questions of land ownership. Be able to describe the development of Christianity and to explain how it became the dominant religion of the Roman Empire. Understand the institution of emperorship and the respective roles of the gentry, the small landholders, peasants, and nomads in the history of Han China.

Section 1: Rome’s Mediterranean Empire
1. The growth of the Roman State was based on what natural resources of Italy? 2. The economic wealth of the early Roman State was based on what? 3. The Roman Republic was not a true democracy; because it was ruled by who? 4. The family was the basic unit of Roman society under the authority of who? 5. Describe the role of Roman women? 6. How did the Romans view the natural world? 7. One key to the Romans’ success in winning the loyalty of all Italy was doing what? 8. What was the result of each of the three wars Rome had with Carthage? 9. When Rome took control of a foreign land, it normally did what? 10. As the numbers of independent farmers declined in the later republic, Italian landowners increasingly turned to what? 11. On what factor do scholars agree was the reason behind why Rome and Han China flourished simultaneously? 12. The emperor responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 B.C.E. was 13. What word/phrase describes the safety and stability of the Roman Empire 14. One of the most enduring...
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