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EGERTON UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE AND SURGERY
DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL SCIENCES

ANHE 0372; FIELD TRIPS
TOPIC: REPORT ON THE FIELD TRIP TO CENTRAL VETERINARY LABORATORIES

BY : MORAA FRIDAH ORINA
ADM NO: K01/10965/10
PRESENTED TO : DR M NOOR

DATE: 25/11/2012

REPORT ON THE FIELD TRIP TO CENTRAL VETERINARY LABORATORIES
INTRODUCTION
Central veterinary laboratory is situated in Kabete in Kiambu County in Kenya. It deals with confirmatory diagnosis of various diseases and as a referral laboratory for other regional laboratories, they include; Nakuru, Eldoret, Kericho, Karatina, Mariakani, Ukunda and Garissa Veterinary Investigation Laboratories It was started in the year 1906 by European settlers with the aim of disease diagnosis and surveillance. It provides; * Veterinary services to the state

* Eradication and control programmes for the prevention and control of diseases * Efficient laboratory diagnostic services and disease investigations * It mornitors and collects information on diseases at national level and provides advice and detailed information on disease diagnosis * It identifies diseases with zoonotic implication and collaborates with public health specialists and the food safety authority to control their occurence Samples which include, feacal, blood, urine, milk and dead animals for postmortem are received at the reception which is part of the pathology lab, then taken to the appropriate laboratories depending on the test to be done. It’s at the reception also where farmers/clients pay for the services. Milk samples are charged at 150/= per teat if it’s from the same cow and 600/= if it’s from different cows, postmortem services are charged at 250/= and the notifiable diseases are tested for free e.g. Foot and Mouth Disease. The charges are to be reviewed very soon. The central veterinary laboratory has five major laboratories/ departments which deal with confirmatory diagnosis of various diseases as follows:- (1) Pathology

This lab is concerned with post mortem examination of both small and large animals and analysis of most samples. It is the largest lab in central veterinary labs and sends samples to other labs after analyzing them. It also has a histology section where staining of tissues is done. (2) Bacteriology

Bacteriology laboratory is concerned with the testing of samples which are suspected to be caused by bacterial micro-organism and drug analysis to know which drugs are effective for what disease and at which area. This also where media for culturing are prepared, sterilized and stored. Serology department is also part of bacteriology, its concerned with diagnosis of disease using serum. (3) Acarology

It deals with ticks identification, life cycles, their economic importance, the diseases they cause and their control measures. It also tests any new drugs that are manufactured for their efficiency before they are distributed to the market. (4) Virology

Virology lab is used in testing and analysis of samples which are suspected to be caused by viruses eg rabies, avian influenza, Rift Valley Fever, Newcastle Disease, etc. (5) Helminthology
This lab is used in testing of diseases suspected to be caused by helminthes. (6) Chemistry
It deals with testing for afflatoxin and analysis of dip samples.

Other functions of Kabete vet labs are;
Kabete vet labs works in conjunction with the directorate of veterinary services and other parastatals and non-governmentalorganizations to:- (i) Declare disease free zones
(ii) Perform surveillance(both active and passive surveillance) of a disease in a particular area (iii) Vector control
(iv) Issue quarantine in case of zoonotic diseases
Government departments, parastatals and non-governmental organizations which work in conjunction with central veterinary labs include; (I)Veterinary economic...
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