Strategic Management: H&M and Zara

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SAVONIA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES UNIT OF BUSINESS AND ADMINISTRATION, KUOPIO

THE IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT A case study of H&M

Ding Huiru Business Administration Bachelor’s thesis International Business

April 2011

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SAVONIA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES SAVONIA BUSINESS
Degree Programme, option

International Business Author(s) Ding Huiru
Title of study

The importance of strategic management, Case study of H&M Type of project Date Pages Thesis 27.4.2011 59+12 Supervisor(s) of study 1st Antti Iire 2nd Anneli Juutilainen Abstract

Executive organization H&M in Kuopio,Finland

Hennes & Mauritz (H&M) is a 100 billion Sweden company, engaged in designing and retailing of fashion apparel and accessories. The company offers a range of apparel, cosmetics, footwear and accessories for men, women, children and teenagers. H&M primarily operates in Europe, North America and Asia, and has a presence in over 38 countries. The company is headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden and employs approximately 87,000 people on a full-time basis. This thesis focused on the strategic management of H&M company. The main research problem was to make an in-depth analysis of its marketing strategy and how to implement it. The main research method was a qualitative research by analyzing their company data, annual reports and making interviews with the manager, staffs and customers in Kuopio shop. The thesis starts with a general introduction and some background information of this thesis work. In the theoretical part, it described the definition, process, benefit and challenge of strategic management .In the practical part, an exhaustive analysis on the company’s strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats was made by using the detailed figures. The result shows a clear image of the process of strategic management by H&M case. Some recommendations made for H&M help to improve their sustainable developments and support a vivid example for many companies. Keywords

H&M, Strategic management, Marketing ,SWOT analysis

Note

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TABLES AND FIGURES

List of Figures Figure 1 Organizational structure of H&M……………………………………….5 Figure 2 Strategic management model…………………………………………....8 Figure 3 Four elements of strategic…………………………………………….....9 Figure 4 Environmental variables…………………………………………..……..9 Figure 5 SWOT analysis model…………………………………………………..11 Figure 6 Hierarchy of strategy…………………………………………………....14 Figure 7 Strategic decision-making process……………………………………...17 Figure 8 Benefits of strategic management……………………………………....18 Figure 9 Income statement………………………………………………………..28 Figure 10 The world of H&M…………………………………………………….31 Figure 11 Organization of auditors…………………………………………….....33 Figure 12 Working process of IT in H&M……………………………………….36 Figure 13 Corporate directional strategies………………………………………..41

List of Tables Table1 list of interview…………………………………………………………….25 Table2 SWOT of H&M…………………………………………………………….37 Table 3SWOT of ZARA……………………………………………………………46

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CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................... 1 1.1Introduction of the research .................................................................................... 1 1.1.1Backgound of the topic ................................................................................ 1 1.1.2 Research questions and limitations .............................................................. 2 1.1.3 Structure ..................................................................................................... 3 1.2 Overview of case company-H&M.......................................................................... 4 2 Basic concepts of strategic management ........................................................................... 6 2.1What is strategic management? ............................................................................... 6 2.2 How to make the strategy...
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