HASSAN NAWAZ LALEE NUST-201201264 | SECTION:A|
STRANGER BY ALBERT CAMUS
ABOUT THE BOOK:
WRITTEN BY: ALBERT CAMUS
TRANSLATED BY: STUART GILBERT
PUBLISHED: IN 1942(FRENCH), IN 1943(English)
ORIGINAL LANGUAGE: FRENCH
TYPE: Philosophical novel
PUBLISHER: Libraire Gallimard
BASED UPON: …Absurdism (conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any)
… Irrationality (an action or opinion given through inadequate use of reason, emotional distress, or cognitive deficiency)
…Importance of social life THEMES: The irrationality of the universe; the meaninglessness of human life; the importance of the physical world
MOTIFS: Decay and death; watching and observation
* ABOUT THE AUTHOR AND HIS VIEW TOWARD THE WORLD EXPRESSED IN THE NOVEL:
Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, writer of philosophical essays, and Nobel laureate born in 1913 and died in 1960. He got Nobel Prize in 1957 in literature.
Literarily classified as an existential novel, the stranger depicts writer’s theory of absurdism. For Camus, life has no rational meaning or order. We have trouble dealing with this notion and continually struggle to find rational structure and meaning in our lives. This struggle to find meaning where none exists is what Camus calls, the absurd. An interesting motif in The Stranger is that of watching or observation. Camus is writing a book about our endless search for meaning. We are all looking for a purpose in our lives. The characters of The Stranger all watch each other and the world around them. In this novel Albert Camus has explained phenomenon’s happening in main character’s life but is not explained with rationality.
* CHARACTERS OF THE NOVEL AND THEIR DESCRIPTION:
Meursault: is a French Algerian who learns of his mother's death by telegram. Meursault's indifference to the news of his mother's death demonstrates some emotional detachment from his environment. There are multiple instances throughout the novel where significant moments do not have an emotional impact on Meursault. He doesn't show emotion to the fact that his mother is dead, Marie loves him or that he killed an Arab. Another aspect of
Meursault is that he is an honest person. He always speaks his mind and does not care how other people see him. He is regarded as a stranger to society due to his indifference.
Raymond Sintes: is the neighbor of Meursault who beats his mistress which causes a conflict with the Arabs. He brings Meursault into the conflict which ultimately results in Meursault killing the Arab. Raymond can be a foil character of Meursault in that he takes action while Meursault is indifferent. Raymond and Meursault seem to develop a bond as the story goes on and ends with Raymond Sintes testifying for Meursault during his trial. Raymond also views things on what he owns- he assaults a woman because she cheated and he insists Meursault is his friend after a simple favor from Meursault.
Marie Cardona: was a typist in the same workplace as Meursault. A day after Meursault's mother's funeral she meets him at a public beach which sparks their relationship. She asks if Meursault loves her but Meursault replies that he doesn't think so. He...